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QuestionAnswer
what is pharmacology study of drug action and drug interaction within living organism
Pharmokinetics the way the body process drugs. absorbed, metabolized, distributed and eliminated
absorption drugs maybe observe by active or passive transport (pinocytosis)
Hemodyamics fluid dynamics of blood flow. adequate blood circulation
pharmacodynamic study of the effect of drugs on the physiological and biochemical functions of the body
pharmaceutic phase sold forms must be broken down and dissolved in the GI tract
what is the first pass effect P.O drugs goes into stomach >small intestines >mesenteric vascular system, portal views, liver
parenteral injections are intravenous used to deliver drug that cannot be absorbed by GI tract
intrathecal occurring within or administered into spinal theca
C mean With
S means without
Prn mean as needed or necessary
Q mean every
LOC mean level of consciousness
AMS mean Altered mental status
A normal adult temp is 97.6 to 99 F or 98.6 degrees
a normal child (5-6 years old ) temperature is 97.8 to 98.6 F
A normal infant temperature( 3 month - 3 years ) 99.9 to 99.7 F
A normal pulse for a adult is 60-100 BPM
A normal pulse for a child is 70 - 120 BPM
Normal respiration for an adult is 12-20 BPM
normal respiration for a child is 20 - 30 BPM
Normal blood pressure systolic is 120 mm Hg ( 90 - 120 )
normal diastolic range is 80 mm HG (50 - 70 adult)
Diaphoresis sweating in an unusual degree
Febrile body temp above normal range ( 99.5 F )
Afebrile Normal body temperature
what is pyrexia fever a sign of infection or inflammation
what is Tachycardia heart rate is to fast .. like 100 BMP
What is Bradycardia Heart rate is to slow .. like 60 BMP
normal child pulse is 70 - 120 BPM
Where is a child pulse measured Brachial Artery ( inside the upper arm)
What is Dyspnea Difficult or painful breathing
what is Orthopnea difficulty breathing when laying down
Tachypnea Rapid breathing ( 20 BPM)
Hyperpnea abnormal deep breathing rate
Bradypnea Decrease in respiratory rate
Apnea absence of breathing
How long can the brain function without o2 4 to 5 minutes
what is the systolic pressure the first heartbeat heard
what is the diastolic the last heart beat heard
systolic pressure is measure when When the left ventricle contracts
Diastolic pressure is measure when when the heart rest between beat
what is a pulse oximeter it monitors pulse rate and blood oxygen level
what is a EEG Device that monitors the electric activity of the brain
iatrogentic contamination from a procedure
what is microbial hand hygien, disinfection and sterilization . The process of reducing the number of organism.
How long does C diff survive on a surface Five months
How long does E. coli last on a surface 16 months
How long does VER last on the surface Four months
How long does MRSA last on the surface Seven months
What is the prodormal stage When the disease is highly infectious
What is the convalescent stage The disease goes into latent stage
What is the most common nosocomial infection UTI introduced by a Foley catheter
Hepatitis A & E are transmitted through food water contaminated with feces
Hepatitis B,C and D are blood borne
Hep B primary contact Is spread through contact with blood, body fluids
Hep C Is primarily spread thorough blood or blood products
What is Syncope Fainting , when blood pressure falls
mico- organisms that capable of causing disease are called Pathogens of pathogenic organism
Eukaryotic cells contains a nucleus and other structures within membrane EG: FUNGI, PARASITEs
prokaryotic single cell organism that lacks other structures
viruses have a membrane and genetic info.. RNA, DNA
bacteria is single cell, prokaryotic, has cocci ( spheres) bacilli ( or rods and spirals)
What is Helminths ( eukaryotic) Parasites worms
Reservoir of infection moisture , nutrients and suitable temperature
C- Diff gastrointestinal infection that cause diarrhea
Microbial dilution the process of reducing the number of organisms
Negative pressure rooms air flows in and prevent airborne particles generated in the from escaping
positive pressure rooms Air flows out of the room so that airborne particles are kept away from the patient
Hemiplagia half of the body
Paraplegia waist down
Quadraplagia neck down
micro organisms that produce disease in humans are pathogens
I / O means input and output
Cadence mean walking with a drag (like a stroke patients )
three methods of moving a trauma patient Draw sheet, slider board, sliding mat
Agonist A drug that produce a specific action and promotes the desired result
Antagonist a drug that attaches itself to a receptor, preventing the against from acting
Created by: Farmgirl28