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Periodic Table

Vocabulary for Matter and Elements

TermDefinition
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass The material that matter makes up of
Volume How much room/space matter takes up
Density D= m/v the amount of matter/stuff matter takes up within a specific space
Atom The elements smallest part. Atoms building block
Electron Particle of an atom, and has a negative charge. Moves around the nucleus. Has a force that lets it get together with other atoms forming everything everywhere.
Proton Particle of an atom. Has a positive charge. Also, in a nucleus.
Neutron Particle of an atom, and has no charge.
Periodic Table A grid that shows all of the elements by their properties.
Element A simple substance that doesn't break down and makes up everything in the world.
Periods/Rows Rows that tell how many energy levels each element has.
Groups or family/ columns Columns that tell how many valence electrons each element has.
Valence electrons the electrons that move on the outer energy level of an atom.
Atomic number how many protons an atom has.
Atomic mass a measurement of mass for an atom.
Chemical property A substance combining with another substance to form a new and different substance.
Physical property State of matter and appearance of something.
Ionic bond when elements share electrons during bonding
Covalent Bond when elements share electrons during bonding
Chemical Change/ Reaction elements bonds together through the attractive force of electrons creating a whole new and different substance.
Compound/ Molecule
Mixture
Nobel Gases
Halogens
Alkali Metals
Metalloids
Created by: ariana_20