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substances vocab

drug A chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a persons body or behavior
medicine a legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or a disease
addiction/dependence the state of losing control over the use of a drug. need for a drug and cannot function normally without it.
physical psychological dependence state resulting from chronic use of a drug that has produced tolerance. involves emotional
withdrawal group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on brain
drug interactions situation in which a substance affects the activity of a drug.
drug abuse intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug
drug misuse improper use of medicines, either prescription or over the counter drugs.
prescription drugs drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
over the counter drugs medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription, from a healthcare professional
stimulants a substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body.
depressants depressant drug.
hallucinogens a drug that causes hallucinations, such as LSD.
club drugs a pharmacologically heterogeneous group of psychoactive drugs that tend to be abused by teens and young adults at bars, nightclubs, concerts, and parties
inhalants a medicinal preparation for inhaling.
steroids anabolic drugs that are structurally related to the cyclic steroid rings system and have similar effects to testosterone in the body
marijuana Cannabis, also known as marijuana and by numerous other names, is a preparation of the Cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug or medicine
gateway drug habit-forming drug that, while not itself addictive, may lead to the use of other addictive drugs
analgesic An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain. Analgesic drugs act in various ways on the peripheral and central nervous systems.
zero tolerance refusal to accept antisocial behavior, typically by strict and uncompromising application of the law.
reverse tolerance drug sensitization is the phenomenon of a reversal of the side-effects from a drug, the reduction of insensitivity caused after drug tolerance has been established
intoxication the state of being intoxicated, especially by alcohol
BAC/BAL refers to the amount of alcohol contained in a person's blood. It is measured as weight per unit of volume.
fetal alcohol Physical and mental damage in a child due to alcohol exposure while in the womb.
FDA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Tar a dark, thick, flammable liquid distilled from wood or coal, consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons, resins, alcohols, and other compounds. It is used in roadmaking and for coating and preserving timber.
Nicotine Helps you quit smoking. Provides your body with nicotine to replace cigarettes.
Carbon Monoxide Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Created by: sambrown73