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Chap 13 Body

Bones Muscles and Skin

TermDefinition
homeostasis the body's tendency to keep an internal balance
Joint a place in the body where two bones come together
spongy bone has many small spaces within it, like a sponge
compact bone hard and dense, but not solid
cartilage more flexible than a bone, a type of connective tissue, it covers the end of the bone and keeps them from rubbing against each other
ligament strong connective tissue that hold the bones in movable joints together
tendon a strong connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
red marrow produces most of the body's blood cells. located in the end of your femur, skull, hip bone, and sternum
yellow marrow contained in all the other bones where the red marrow is not and stores fat that can serve as an energy reserve
skeletal muscle are attached to the bones of your skeleton and provide the force that moves your bones
striated muscle another name for skeletal muscle because it appears banded
smooth muscle involuntary muscles work automatically to control certain movements inside your body, digestion
cardiac muscle found only in the heart and is involuntary and striated, it does not get tired and contracts repeatedly
integumentary system
epidermis outer layer of the skin
melanin pigment or colored substance that gives skin its color
dermis the inner layer of the skin
follicle the structure within the dermis where hair grows
Created by: 124238