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lower limb for comp

lower limb comp questions - knee to foot

QuestionAnswer
Name the tarsal bones medial, middle and lateral cuneiforms, cuboid, scaphoid (navicular), calcaneus (os calcis), talus (astralagus)
What are the alternate names for the cuneiform bones? 1, 2, 3
What is the alternate name for the scaphoid tarsal? navicular
What is the alternate name for the calcaneus tarsal? os calcis
What is the alternate name for the talus tarsal? astralagus
What joints make up the ankle mortise? talofibular and tibiotalar
What joints make up the knee? patellofemoral, femorotibial
What is the largest, strongest tarsal? calcaneus
What makes up the ball of the foot? the 5 metatarsal heads
What is the purpose of the longitudinal arch? it acts as a shock absorber
What attaches to the calcaneal tuberosity? calcaneal/Achilles tendon
What purpose does the transverse arch serve? support
At what angles does the talar articular surface slope? 33-40 degrees
Where does the ligamentum patellae attach? tibial tuberosity
At what age does the patella form? 3-5 years of age
How do the femoral condyles sit in relation to each other? the medial condyle sits 5-7 degrees more inferior
What ligaments stabilize the knee joint? posterior cruciate, anterior cruciate, tibial collateral, fibular collateral.
What are the attachment points for the posterior cruciate ligament? medial condyle, posterior intercondylar area
What are the attachment points for the anterior cruciate ligament? lateral condyle, anterior intercondylar area
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
What are the attachment points for the tibial collateral ligament? medial femoral condyle, medial tibial condyle
What are the attachment points for the fibular collateral ligament? lateral femoral condyle, lateral fibular head
How do the malleoli lie in relation to each other? lateral malleolus lies 15-20 degrees more posterior
What angle do the tibial plateaus sit at? they slope posteriorly 10-20 degrees
How is the femur normally situated in the body? it slants medially 5-15 degrees
what enters and exits through the popliteal surface? popliteal nerves and vessels
what type of bones are the tarsals? short
what is the function of a short bone? flexibility of motion
what is found in the medullary cavity of a long bone? yellow bone marrow
where is red bone marrow found? the ends of a long bone
what lines the inside of the long bone? endosteum
what covers the outside of the bone? periosteum
what is the primary function of a long bone? support
what is found inside a short bone? red marrow
what could be the function of a sesamoid bone? alter the direction of muscle pull
Created by: annaluz87