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PresumptionFallacies

Fallacies of Presumption. Fallacies come from 'The Art of Argument' by CAP Press

TermDefinition
Begging the Question (petitio principii) Arguments that assume the very same thing one is trying to prove.
Bifurcation (False Dilemma) Arguments that frame the debate such that only two options are possible, when other possibilities may exist.
Fallacy of Moderation Arguments that assume the correct answer is always the middle ground or a compromise between two extremes.
Is-Ought Fallacy Arguments that assume that just because something is a certain way, it ought to be that way.
Fallacy of Composition Arguments based on a hidden assumption that the properties of the whole will be the same as the properties of the parts.
Fallacy of Division Arguments that are based on the hidden assumption that a collective whole determines that all of its parts will be like the whole.
Sweeping Generalization Arguments than overextend a generalization to include facts or cases that are exceptions to it.
Created by: StudyStacker012
 

 



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