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Terminology 101-1

Antibiotic Substance used to kill or stop the growth of bacteria in the body.
Antiviral Drugs that fight the viral infections in the body.
Absorption Time it takes for a drug to work after the drug has been administered; the rate at which the drug passes for the intestines into the bloodstream.
Active Ingredient Chemical found in the medication known or believed to have a therapeutic effect.
Acute Disease or illness with a sudden onset and a short duration.
Adverse Reaction Unwanted or unexpected side effect or reaction to a medication; result for an interaction among two or more medications.
Allergy Sensitivity of the immune system to a chemical or drug; it causes symptoms ranging from rashes to more severe symptoms such an irregular breathing.
Analgesic Substance used to relieve acute or chronic pain.
Antianxiety Substances that reduce or relieve anxiety.
Antibody Protein produces by the immune system to respond to foreign substances in the body.
Anticoagulant Substance that stops blood clotting (also known as blood thinner).
Antidepressant Substance that helps to maintain proper hormone balance levels to decrease depressive moods.
Antidiarrheal Relieves and decreases G.I. activity that produces diarrhea.
Antifungal Substance that kills fungus growing in or on the body.
Antihistamine Substance that stops the effects of histamine release that causes sneezing, watery eyes, and congestion.
Anti-hypertensive Substances that work to lower the blood pressure.
Anti-inflammatory Substances that reduce and relieve inflammation.
Antipyretic Substance that relieves and lowers a high fever.
Antitussive Relieves a severe cough.
Arthritis Condition characterized by inflammation of the joints.
Asthma Condition that affects a patient's breathing by restricting the airways and oxygen supply due to inflammation, swelling and irritation.
Bronchitis Is a medical condition characterized by an acute inflammation of the bronchial tubes in the lungs.
Buccal Tablet Tablet that is dissolved in the lining of the cheek instead of being swallowed whole.
Capsule Solid dosage form of a medication usually made of gelatin, which holds fine particles of a solid or liquid particle.
Cardiovascular Disease Conditions of the heart and circulation system.
Chewable Tablet Tablets that are chewed instead of swallowed whole.
Chronic Disease or illness that has a long duration (i.e., lifetime).
Clinical Trials Scientific experiments that test the effect of a drug in human test patients; required by the FDA for approval of a new medication.
Contraindication Is an aspect of a patient's condition that does not agreed with the treatment.
Decongestant Substance that shrinks the mucous membranes that produces congestion.
Diabetes Condition characterized by the failure of the body to produce insulin, which is essential for digestion and for retrieving energy from food, in the pancreas.
Diuretic Substance that increases the water output in the kidneys; reduces water retention in the body.
Elixir Liquid dosage form that contains flavored water and alcohol mixtures.
Enema Process by which a medicated fluid is injected into the rectum, or an aqueous solutions administered rectally to empty the bowel, to treat infections and diseases of the lower G.I. tract.
Expectorant Substance that removes mucous from the upper respiratory system.
GERD Condition that occurs when food not completely digested is forced back up the esophagus; the food is very acidic and irritates the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.
Hypertension Long-term high blood pressure.
Immunity Is the body's ability to fight off infections from bacteria and viruses.
Inhalation Administration of a medication directly into the lungs by the mouth or nose.
Placebo Inactive substances, not real medications, that are administered to give the patient they are receiving a potentially effective medication.
Created by: karlotinaleon



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