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Chapter 6 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Static Electricity The accumulation of excess electric charge on an object.
Law of Conservation of Change States that charge can be transferred from object to object, but it cannot be created or destroyed.
Electric Field Surrounds every electric charge and exerts the force that causes other electric charges to be attracted or repelled.
Conductor A material through which electrons move easily.
Insulator A material in which electrons are not able to move easily.
Charging by Contact The process of transferring charge by touching or rubbing.
Charging by Induction The rearrangement of electrons on a neutral object caused by a nearby charged object.
Electroscope A device that can detect electric charge.
Electric Current The net movement of electric charges in a single direction.
Voltage Difference Related to the force that causes electric charges to flow.
Electric Circuit A closed path that electric current follows.
Resistance The tendency for a material to resist the flow of electrons and to convert electrical energy into other forms of energy, such as thermal energy.
Ohm's Law The current in a circuit equals the voltage difference divided by the resistance.
Series Circuit An electric circuit with only one branch.
Parallel Circuit Contain two or more branches for current.
Electrical Power The rate at which electrical energy is converted to another form of energy.
Created by: 19inmmor