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medical science # 4

study of tissue histology
4 types of tissue epithelial, connective, muscle and neural
epithelial tissue include what it include epithelia cell and gland
layer of cell that cover internal and external surface is epithelia
secreting cell derived from epithelia is gland
what are the 4 characteristics of epithelia? cell are bound together, surface exposed to the environment, attached to basement membrane and avascular
epithelial cell that produce secretion gland cell
secretion are discharge onto the surface of the skin are (sweat,milk) exocrine
secretion are release into the surrounding tissue and blood (hormone) endocrine
how epithelia is clasified? it classified by the number of cell and the shape of the cell
how many types of layers 2 types of layers: simple and stratified
how many cell shapes 3 cell shapes: squamous, cuboidal and columnar
single layer of cell covering a basement membrane simple epithelium
several layers of cell above the basement membrane stratified epithelium
appear a s fried egg, thin and flat squamous epithelium
resemble boxes or square, lie the center of each other and form a neat row cuboidal epithelium
cell are rectangular, tall and slender columnar epithelium
all cell contact the basement membrane, cell are not in row pseudostratified epithelia
can withstand a large amount of stretching transitional epithelia.
3 types of connective tissue proper, fluid and supporting
3 characteristic of connective tissue specialized cell, protein fibers and ground substance.
connective tissue fibers 3 of them collagen, elastic and reticular fibers
connective tissue fibers is form by what fibroblasts
what fill the space between cell and surround the connective tissue ground substance
is connective tissue exposed to the outside environment/ no, it never exposed to the outside environment
what are the 3 connective tissue proper? fatty, tendons and lagaments
what are the 2 fluid connective tissue blood and lymph
ehat are the 2 supporting connective tissue bone and cartillage
what are the 3 types of cartilage hyaline, elastic-pinna and fibrocartilage
connect ribs to the sternum cover bone and joint hyaline
between vertebra of the spinal colum fibrocartilage
what are the 4 membranes mucous,serous,cuteneous and synovial
lining cavities that comminicate with the exterior mucous membrane
line the sealed division of the ventral body cavity(pleura,pericardium and peritoneum) serous membrane
cover the surface of the body cuteneous membrane
lining for the fibrous capsule of articulation synovial membrane
what are the 3 types of muscles tissue skeletal, smooth and cardiac
skeletal striated voluntary muscle
cardiac striated involuntary muscle
smooth nonstriated involuntary muscle
produce a dense network of fibers known as scar tissue
study of disease pathology
rubor redness
atrophy reduction in size of cell
disuse atrophy atrophy from immobilazation of a limb
increase in size of cell of a tissue hypertrophy
accumulation of blood within a body tissue hematoma
tumor closely resembling their cell of origin benign
malignant tumor from connective tissue sarcoma
malignant neoplasm from epithelial carcinoma
benign tumor of fiberous tissue fibroma
localizez collection of pus abscess
difficult to swallowing dysphagia
increase in blood flow hyperemia
tumor composed of blood vessel angioma
benign tumor of a muscle myoma
rupture of a blodd vessel hemmorrhage
underlying cause of disease is unknown idiopathic
tumor an alteration of cell growth neoplasia
dolor pain
increase in the number of cell hypertrophy
tumor which invade and destroy adjacent structure malignant
major metastic route of carcinima lymphatic spread
epithelial tumor that project from the skin polyp
disease from a physician iatrogenic
when white blood cell invade an injury phagocytosis
interference of blood supply to an organ ischemia
nervous direct immediate response,activities of organs system
produce sex cell and hormones reproduction
eliminates excess water salt and waste urinary
process food and absorg nutrient digestive
deliver air to site where gas exchange respiratory
allow for locomotion, provide support, produce heat muscular
provide support, protect tissue, store mineral and form blood skeletal
defend against infection and disease lymphatic
transport cell and dissolve material cardiovascular
direct long term change in activities of other system endocrine
Created by: flhp2006