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radiology UGI

QuestionAnswer
What are the accessory gland? Salivary gland,pancreas,liver,gallbladder
Liver create? Bile, is the largest solid organs, it located right upper quadrant. It's protected by lower ribs cage
The liver are divided how many lobes and what hold it together? 4 2 major right and left lobe 2 minor quadrate and caudate lobe Falciform ligament
The function of the liver? Bile are aid In the digestion of fats by breakdown fats and absorption of fats
What is pancreas? Creates insulin and combined with the common bile ducts with the bile. The secretion are injected into the duodenum at the sphincter of oddi to help breakdown of fats and sugar with insulin.
The structure of liver to duodenum? Left and right hepatic ducts Common hepatic ducts Common bile ducts Pancreatic ducts duodenum
What is gallbladder? Stores biles until needed is also a variable in position dependent of body habitus.
Where is gallbladder located on a hypersthenic patient? Higher and more lateral
Where is the gallbladder located on a asthenic patient? Lower and midline
What is different about the cystic duct? 3 to 4 cm long and contains several membrane folds along is length. Is spiral valve which functions to prevent a collapsed of cystic duct
The 3 parts of the gallbladder? Fundus,neck,body
The function of the gallbladder? Store bile, concentrate bile, contract when stimulated
What is chloelithoasis? Is the condition of have abnormal calcification or stone in the gallbladder
What is Cholecysititis? Acute or chronic Cholecysititis is inflammation of the gallbladder
What is biliary stenosis? Is a narrowing of one of the biliary ducts
What is NPO means? Nothing by mouth
Another name for digestive system? Alimentary canal
The are the 3 function of digestive system? Intake food, absorb, eliminate waste products
What are the 3 parts of pharynx? Naso- behind the bony nasal septum Oro- behind the oral cavity proper Laryngo- just aabove larynx, but below oro section
What is mastication Chewing movement
What is parotid? Near the war which is the largest of salivary gland, located just anterior to the external ears
What is submandibular? Below mandible or maxilla
What is sublingual? Below the tongue
What is deglutition? Swallowing
Where does esophagus start and end? C6-T11
How man indentations are normal in the esophagus? Why are they there 2 aortic arch, left primary bronchus as the esophagus descend within the posterior of the mediastinum
What the job of epiglottis? Is depressed to cover the laryngeal opening like a lid the vocal folds or cords also come together to close off the epiglottis
What is Peristalsis? Is a wave like of involuntary muscular contractions that propel and semisolid materials through the tubular alimentary canal
The structures passing through the diaphragm? Esophagus, inferior vena cava, aorta
The two ways of getting content from the stomach? Peristalsis and gravity
The difference between rugae and gastric canal? A rugae when the stomach is empty the internal lining is thrown into numerous longitudinal muscosal folds and gastric canal is a formed by rugae along the leased curvature, funnels fluids directly from the body of stomach to the pylorus.
The difference between mechanical and chemical digestion? Mechanical digestion includes all movements of the gastrointestinal tract, beginning in the oral cavity with chewing and continuing in the pharynx and esophagus with swallowing Chemical all chemical change that food undergoes as it travel through DS
What are the 4 sections of the duodenum? 1. Superior portion begins at the pylori of the stomach(duodenal bulb or cap 2. Descending longest segment( duodenal papilla) 3.horizontal the portion curves back to the left join the final segment 4. ascending portion room duodenum
Body habitus? Hypersthenic- massive Sthenic-average Hyposthenic- slender Asthenic-very slender
The three primary functions of digestive system? 1.Ingestion or digestion take place in the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach and small intestine 2.digestive end products along with waters vitamins, minerals are absorbed In the small intestine 3.unused solid material is eliminated be the larger
The different type contrasts? *Barium (thin 1 part barium 1 part water. thick 3 to 4 part barium 1 part water) *Water soluable *Air crystal
Colloidal suspension? A mixture of barium and water forms
What makes a study a double contrast? Demonstrate gas and barium filled stomach with mucosal folds with barium. Procedures employing both radiolucent (air or gas) and radiopaque (barium)
What is a negative and positive contrast? Positive contrast are barium, gastrogafin,iodine Negative areare air, gas
What the difference between thick thin baruim?
RAO Shows the duodenum bulb and coop in profile
PA Air going to find us and Cloop, body and pylori with barium
R LATERAL Funds with air and body& duodenum with barium show retrogastic space
LPO Funds filled with barium, entire stomach
AP Shows body with air fhndus& C loop with barium
Achalasia
Is a motor disorder of the esophagus in which persuasive is reduced along the distal two third of the esophagus
Valsalva manuever The patient deep breath hold it while beard down trying to move bowel
Mueller manuever The patient exhales and tries to inhale against a closed glottis
Anatomic anomalies May be congenial or may be caused by disease such as cancer of the esophagus
Barret esophagus Is a replacement of the normal squamous epithelium with columnar filled wpithelu9ulcer tissue
Carcinoma of the esophagus Common malignancies of the esophagus
Dysphagia Difficult swallowing
Esophageal varices Are characterized by dilation of the veins on the distal esophagus
Foreign bodies Patients may ingest include a bolus of food me metallic objects and other materials lodgings in the esophagus
GeRd Is entry of gastric contents into esophagus irritating the lining of the esophagus
Zenker diverticulum Us characterized be a lagers outpouching of the esophagus just above the upper esophageal sphincter
Bezoar Mass of undigested material
Trichobezoar Made up of ingested hair
Phytobezoar Ingested vegetables fiber or seed
Diverticular Are pouch like herniation of a portion of the mucosa wall
Emesis Vomitting
Gastric carcinoma 70% of the stomach neoplasm
Hiatal hernia The stomach herniates through the diaphragmatic opening
Sliding hiatal hernia A second type of hernia that is cause weakening of the small muscle
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis The most common type of gastric obstruction in infants
Ulcers Are erosion of the stomach or duodenal mucosa that caused by various physiological or environmental conditions
4 type of ulcers Duodenal ulcers Peptic ulcers Gastric ulcer Perforating ulcer
Created by: sderival