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Science Chapter 5.3

advances in genetics

TermDefinition
selective breeding selecting organisms with desired traits to be the parents of the next generation
inbreeding crossing two individuals that have similar characteristics
hybridization crossing two genetically different individuals
clone an organism that has exactly the same genes as the organism from which it was produced
genetic engineering genes from one organism are transferred into the DNA of another organism
gene therapy using genetic engineering to correct some genetic disorders in humans, it involves directly inserting copies of a gene into a person's cells
genome all the DNA in one cell of an organism
three ways of producing organisms with desired traits selective breeding, cloning, and genetic engineering
goal of human genome project the goal is to identify the DNA sequence of every gene in the human genome
Created by: 124238