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WGU-Visual Arts 4


Pitch Any sound that sets up regular vibrations in the air & is perceived as a discrete tone
Tone A sound that has a definite frequency
Consonance/Dissonance Tow tones played together to make a pleasant (consonant) or unpleasant (dissonant) sound
Rhythm How musical sounds are organized temporally or in time
Beat Basic unit of rhythm; one of a steady series of rhythmic pulses represented in a score by a note of some kind
Meter Number of beats in each measure
Tempo Rate at which the beats occur; precise indication made possible by a metronome
Melody Succession of notes often forming a distinctive sequence
Counterpoint Simplest form of harmony, features melodic lines (voices or parts) occurring simultaneously
Harmony The sounding of notes simultaneously
Chord 3 or more tones sounded together
Dynamics Loudness & softness of music
Contrast Contrasting timbres or rhythm or tempo to make composition more interesting & engaging
Timbre Color or quality of the musical sound being produced
Texture Component of orchestration; describes the number of musical parts (or voices) at any one time
Monophony Pieces or sections that contain only a single part
Polyphony Several independent parts sounding at once
Homophony Moves from chord to chord without undue elaboration or with a simple melody
Form Coherent composition of sounds & silences that allow listeners to make sense of the piece overtime
Duration How long a note lasts; can be lengthened by a tie
Art Music Classical music historically created for the Christian churches, European courts, & concert halls
Folk Music Music created by & for the common people of a particular region, ethnic group, or religious sect
Popular Music Meant principally for enjoyment in the home
Cantata Multi-movement non-theatrical and non-liturgical vocal genre; used to describe large-scale vocal works, sacred or secular, for soloists, chorus and orchestra; may also be for solo voice and accompaniment
Concerto Ensemble music for voice(s) and instrument(s); extended piece of music where solo instrument or instruments are contrasted with an orchestral ensemble
Fantasia Instrumental piece in which conventional form is suspended in favor of the application of imaginative stylization or improvisation; "Free Flight of Fancy"
Fugue Contrapuntal form where subject theme part or voice is introduced then extended and developed through some number of successive imitations
Madrigal Italian style setting secular verse for two or three unaccompanied voices; pastoral poem to music
Mass Sung portion of the Roman Catholic liturgy
Motet For one or more voices, sacred or secular texts to music, singing over fragment of chant in longer note-values, no instrumental accompaniment
Nocturne Moderately slow piece for piano, of dreamy, contemplative character and song-like melody
Opera Theatrically staged story set to instrumental and vocal music, most/all of the acted parts sung with large orchestra
Oratorio Lengthy choral work, same structural elements as opera, religious in nature, not intended to be performed theatrically, relies on use of narration
Overture Orchestral work, usually in 2 or 3 contrasting sections, written as single movement in sonata form, used intro to opera or other dramatic piece
Rondo Instrumental form where the first or main section is repeated between subsidiary sections and to conclude the piece; usually in lively tempo
Sonata Instrumental work either for solo chordal instrument (piano, harpsichord), or one or several solo melody instruments (violin, cello); symphony is usually used
Suite Instrumental work, for one or any combo of instruments or for orchestra; movements derived from certain dance forms
Symphony Three to four movements of orchestral work: 1st-sonata, 2nd-rondo, 3rd-minuet, 4th-sonata or rondo; great western achievement
Variations Repetition of a musical theme with modifications in rhythm, tune, harmony, or key; instrumental
Cadence Musical chord sequence moving to a harmonic close or point of rest, and giving the sense of harmonic completion
Notation Identifies the beat and pitch of the music
Aria Elaborate solo song used primarily in opera's, oratorio's, & cantata's
Coda Passage added to the end of a musical composition to produce a satisfactory close
Legato Musical term indicating that a passage should be played smoothly & without a break between the tones
Staccato Technique of playing so that individual notes are short & are separated from each other by sharp accents
Ballade Short lyrical, French piece for the piano with dramatic narrative qualities
Etude A composition featuring a point of technique and performed because of its artistic merit
Intermezzo A piece performed between acts of a play; a light instrumental composition consisting of solo songs, madrigals, part-songs, dance, occasionally spoken dialogue, often allegorical or pastoral
Created by: lpedro