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Drugs for Seizures

Key Terms

atonic seizure very short lasting seizure during which the patient may stumble and fall for no apparent reason
convulsions uncontrolled muscle contraction or spasm that occurs in the face, torso, arms, or legs
eclampsia pregnancy induced hypertensive disorder
epilepsy disorder of the CNS characterized by seizures and/or convulsions
febrile seizure tonic-clonic motor activity lasting 1 to 2 minutes with rapid return to consciousness that occurs in conjunction with elevated body temperature
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter in the CNS
absence seizure seizure with a loss or reduction of normal activity, including staring and transient loss of responsiveness
generalized seizure seizures that travel throughout the entire brain
myoclonic seizure seizure is characterized by brief, sudden contractions of a group of muscles
partial (focal) seizure seizure that starts on one side of the brain and travels a short distance before stopping
seizure symptom of epilepsy characterized by abnormal neuronal discharges within the brain
status epilepticus condition characterized by repeated seizures or one prolonged seizure attack that continues for at least 30 minutes
tonic-clonic seizure seizure characterized by intense jerking motions and loss of consciousness