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Comm Theory Uncertainty Reduction Theory (URT)

attribution theory a systematic explanation of how people draw inferences about the character of others based upon observed behavior
anticipation of future interaction we know we will see them again
incentive value they have something we want
deviance they act in a weird way
new acquaintance boosts: anticipation of future interaction; incentive value; deviance
uncertainty reduction increased knowledge of what kind of person another is, which provides an improved forecast of how a future interaction will turn out.
axiom a self-evident truth that requires no additional proof
axiom theory: certainty about uncertainty 1) verbal communication; 2) nonverbal warmth; 3) information seeking; 4) self-disclosure; 5) reciprocity; 6) similarity; 7) liking; 8) shared networks
theorem a proposition that logically and necessarily follows from two axioms
passive strategy impression formation by observing a person interacting with others
active strategy impression formation by asking a third party about a person
extractive strategy impression formation by searching the internet for information about a person
plan complexity a characteristic of a message plan based on the level of detail it provides and the number of contingencies it covers
hedging use of strategic ambiguity and humor to provide a way for both parties to save face when a message fails to achieve its goal
hierarchy hypothesis the prediction that when people are thwarted in their attempts to achieve goals, their first tendency is to alter lower-level elements of their message
relational uncertainty doubts about our own thoughts, the thoughts of the other person, or the future of the relationship
partner interference occurs when a relational partner hinders goals, plans, and activities
relational turbulence negative emotions arising from perceived problems in a close relationship
predicted outcome value a forecast of future benefits and costs of interaction based on limited experience with the other
Created by: moogoogaiboo