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EVT

Comm Theory - EVT (Expectancy Violations Theory)

TermDefinition
personal space the invisible, variable volume of space surrounding an individual that defines that individual's preferred distance from others.
proxemics the study of people's use of space as a special elaboration of culture.
intimate distance 0 to 18 inches
personal distance 18 inches to 4 feet
social distance 4 to 12 feet
public distance 12 to infinite feet
EVT gist in order to be effective, we learn to adjust our nonverbal behavior to conform to the communication rules of our partner; shouldn't cross a distance boundary uninvited
threat threshold the hypothetical outer boundary of intimate space; a breach by an uninvited other occasions fight or flight
arousal, relational a heightened state of awareness, orienting response, or mental alertness that stimulates a review of the relationship
EVT core concepts expectancy, violation valance, communicator reward valence
expectancy what people predict will happen, rather than what they desire
violation valence the perceived positive or negative value assigned to a breach of expectations, regardless of who the violator is
communicator reward valence the sum of positive and negative attributes brought to the encounter plus the potential to reward or punish in the future
Interaction adaptation theory (IAT) a systematic analysis of how people adjust their approach when another's behavior doesn't mesh with what's needed, anticipated, or preferred
interaction position a person's initial stance toward an interaction as predetermined by a blend of personal requirements, expectations, and desires
RED R) requirements; E) expectations; D) desires
reciprocity a strong human tendency to respond to another's action with similar behavior
Created by: moogoogaiboo