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Psy100-OSU-Ch1

First Chapter / Psych 100 @ OSU / OSU Book

QuestionAnswer
What is critical thinking? A set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open minded and careful fashion.
CT Principle: Extraordinary Claims? The more a claim contradicts what we already know, the more persuasive the evidence for this claim must be before we accept it.
CT Principle: Falsifiability? Claims must be capable of being disproved.
CT Principle: Occam's Razor? If two hypothesis explain something =ly well, we accept the simpler one.
CT Principle: Replicability? A finding must be capable of being duplicated by independent researchers following the same recipe.
CT Principle: Ruling out rival hypoth. Findings consistent with several hypothesis require addtl research to eliminate these hypotheses.
Ct Principle: Correlation vs Causation The fact that two things are associated with each other doesn't mean that one causes the other.
risky prediction? forcast that stands a good chance of being wrong.
belief preservance? The tendency to stick to our original beliefs, even as evidence contradicts them.
Scientific theory an explanation for a large number of findings in the natural world
scientific skepticism approach of evaluating all claims with an Evaluating all claims with an open mind, but insisting on persuasive evidence before accepting them.
oberg's dictum Premise that we should keep our minds open, but not so open as to believe virtually everything.
third variable problem case in which a third variable causes the correlation between the other two variables
Created by: neill89