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zoology benchmark

zoology benchmark study guide 1st 9 wks

QuestionAnswer
What is a cell? The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism.
What are organelles found only in an animal? What organelles are only found in plants? Animal cells are typical of the eukaryotic cell, enclosed by a plasma membrane and containing a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles. Unlike the cells of the two other eukaryotic kingdoms, plants and fungi, animal cells don't have a cell wall.
What is the difference between a prokaryotic cell and an eukaryotic cell? Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, including a nucleus. Prokaryotic cells do not contain a nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelle.
What is the name of the organelle that is involved in producing the spindle fibers? Microtubules
What is the organelle that can be found in all types of cells? Nucleus,Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum, Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum, Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum.
What is Taxonomy? The classification of something.
What is the scientific word that means name? Taxa
What is the "belly" surface of the animal called? Ventral
What is the "back" surface of an animal called? Dorsal
What are the two parts of binomial nomenclature? Genus species
What is the correct sequence of the taxonomic categories? Kingdom, phylum or division, class, order, family, genus, species.
What is Zoology? The study of animals.
What is the rule for writing the scientific name correctly? Homo sapiens
What is the old taxonomic term that includes both eubacteria and archaebacteria? Kingdom Monera.
What is the difference between asymmetry, radial symmetry, and bilateral symmetry? In radial symmetry the body parts are arranged around a circle with a center point. Inbilateral symmetry,they are same on both sides. In asymmetry,different on both sides and no center point.
Where are proteins made? Ribosomes
What organelles are short, hair-like projections? Organelles
What is phylogeny? The branch of biology that deals with phylogenesis.
What is the definition of Cephalization? At the anterior end of the body, forming a head and brain.
What is the difference between ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm? Ectoderm is the epidermis of skin, hair, lining of mouth and nose.. Mesoderm is of skin, muscle, skeleton, circulatory system. Endoderm lining of digestive and layer of respiratory tracts, liver, pancreas.
What are the two tissues found in diploblastic organism? Sponges and hydra
What are the three tissues found in a triploblastic organism? Endoderm, Mesoderm, and Ectoderm
What is the triploblastic organism that does not have a body cavity? Acoelamate
What is the triploblastic organism that has a false body cavity? Pseudocoelmate
What is the triploblastic organism that has a true body cavity? Coelamate
Created by: Katwill678