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Phil 102

phil 102

Philosophy is the love of wisdom
Logic is the study of reason
Reasoning -a process of interring a conclusion from given premises. -the purpose of reasoning is to solve problems
Argument form of persuasion, that makes a claim, gives reason in support of that claim
Claim a statement that is true or false, true & false are truth values
Conclusion the claim we are arguing for
Premises the claims that give reasons in support of the conclusion
Tautology a claim that is necessarily true
Contingent a claim whose truth value depends on evidence
Cogent argument/good argument -3 criteria of a cogent argument: 1. Believe premises 2. All the relevant information has to be considered 3. The premises must lead to conclusion
Bad argument/fallacious argument error in our reasoning-fallacy
Deductive argument is an argument where if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true
Inductive argument is an argument where if the premises are true the conclusion is, at best, probably true
Valid/strong argument
Created by: jtaylor1189