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Griffin -Groups

Groups and Teams

Formal Groups Work groups defined by the organization’s structure that have designated work assignments and tasks.
Informal groups Groups that are independently formed to meet the social needs of their members.
command groups Groups that are determined by the organization chart and composed of individuals who report directly to a given manager.
Task Groups Groups composed of individuals brought together to complete a specific job task; their existence is often temporary because once the task is completed, the group disbands.
Forming Members join and begin the process of defining the group’s purpose, structure, and leadership.
Storming Intragroup conflict occurs as individuals resist control by the group and disagree over leadership.
Norming Close relationships develop as the group becomes cohesive and establishes its norms for acceptable behavior.
Performing A fully functional group structure allows the group to focus on performing the task at hand.
Adjourning The group prepares to disband and is no longer concerned with high levels of performance.
Abilities Determine what members can do
Personality traits Positive traits tend to be positively related to group productivity and morale
Skills Interpersonal -------such as conflict management and resolution, collaborative problem solving, and communication determine how effectively members perform in a group
Group role The set of expected behavior patterns attributed to someone who occupies a given position in a social unit that assists the group in task accomplishment or maintaining group member satisfaction.
Role conflict experiencing differing role expectations
Role ambiguity uncertainty about role expectations
Norms Acceptable standards or expectations that are shared by the group’s members.
Group think The extensive pressure of others in a strongly cohesive or threatened group that causes individual members to change their opinions to conform to that of the group.
Conformity Group pressures can have an effect on an individual member’s judgment and attitudes.
Status The formal or informal prestige grading, position, or ranking system for members of a group that serves as recognition for individual contributions to the group and as a behavioral motivator.
Social loafing The tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually.
Group Cohesiveness The degree to which members are attracted to a group and share the group’s goals.
Conflict is the perceived incompatible differences in a group resulting in some form of interference with or opposition to its assigned tasks.
Work team A group whose members work intensely on a specific common goal using their positive synergy, individual and mutual accountability, and complementary skills.
Problem solving teams Employees from the same department and functional area who are involved in efforts to improve work activities or to solve specific problems.
Self managed teams A formal group of employees who operate without a manager and are responsible for a complete work process or segment.
Cross functional team A hybrid grouping of individuals who are experts in various specialties and who work together on various tasks.
Virtual teams Teams that use computer technology to link physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal.
Created by: Yasmin Rouby
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