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Pharm word list

Addictive action The total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each
Aerosols Particles of medication suspended in air
Analgesic Drug which relieves pain
Anaphylaxis Hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism
Anesthetic Drug which reduces or eliminates sensation
Antacid Drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach
Antiarrhythmic Drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle
Anticonvulsant Drug that prevents convulsions
Antidepressant Drug that is used to relieve symptoms of depression
Antidirrheal Drug used to prevent diarrhea
Antidote Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
Antihistamine Drug that blocks the action of natural histamine a in the body and relieves allergy symptoms
Antihypertensive Agent that lowers blood pressure
Contraindications Factors in a patients condition that prevents the use of a drug treatment
Cumulative action The concentration of a drug may increase with each dose, due to the half-life of previous doses
Emetic Drug that promotes vomiting
Half-life The time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested
Hypnotic Agent that produces sleep
Iatrogenic An effect that is produced as an individual sensitivity to a drug
Inhalation Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose or mouth
Narcotic Habit-forming drug (potent analgesic) that relieves pain
Oral Drugs given by the mouth
Rectal Drugs inserted via anus into the rectum
Receptor Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
Sedative Mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes, without necessarily producing sleep
Side effect An effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
Stimulant Agent that excites and promotes activity
Sublingual Drugs given under the tongue
Synergism A combination of two drugs that causes an effect that is greater than the fun of the individual effects of each drug given alone
Syringe Instrument for introducing fluids to or withdrawing fluids from the body
Tolerance Drug action In which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect
Topical Drugs applied on the skin or mucous membranes
Toxicity Harmful effects of a drug
Vitamin Substance found in foods which are essential for life
Transport Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells
parenteral by injection or intravenous administration
systemic circulating through the bloodstream to produce a general effect on the body
controlled drugs drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused
fixed oils oils, extracted primarily from plants, that do not evaporate
volatile oils oils, extracted primarily from plants, that evaporate
ophthalmic relating to the eye
distribution the process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body
metabolism the process of breaking down a drug or other substance into metabolites used by the body
otic via the ear
antibiotic chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms
absorption the process by which a medication is taken into the body, broken down, and transformed into a form that the body can use