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Hypertension

Drugs for hypertension

QuestionAnswer
antihypertensive to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with HTN
Alpha 2 Agonists Decrease sympathetic impulses from the CNS to the heart and arterioles, causing vasodilation
Alpha 1 blockers Inhibit sympathetic activation in arterioles, causing vasodilation, -sin
Direct vasodilartors act on the smooth muscle of arterioles, causing vasodilation
Calcium channel blockers block calcium ion channels in arterial smooth muscle, causing vasodilation, -pine
angiotensin receptor blockers prevent angiotensin receptors, causing vasodilation, -an
ACE inhibitors Block formation of angiotensin II, causing vasodilation, and block aldosterone secretion, decreasing fluid volume, -pril
diuretics increase urine output and decrease fluid volume
beta blockers decrease the heart rate and myocardial contractility, reducing cardiac output, -lol
Created by: brandiann