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[engineering] MATERIAL -r WERKSTOFF
atom s Atom
element -s Element
elemental elementar/ in Elementform
elementary elementar/ grundlegend
compound -e Verbindung
crystal -r Kristall
crystal lattice -s Kristallgitter
molecule -s Molekül
synthesis -e Synthese
t synthesize synthetisieren/ synthetisch herstellen
synthetic synthetisch/ künstlich
mixture -s Gemisch
solution -e Losung
t dissolve [sich] auflösen
solvent -s Lösungsmittel
nucleus -r [Atom]Kern
elementary particle -s Elementarteilchen
proton -s Proton,-en
charge -e Ladung
positive charge -e positive Ladung
like charge -e gleichnamige Ladung
unlike charge/ opposite charge -e ungleichnamige Ladung
t repel abstoßen
t attract anziehen
charge carrier -r Ladungsträger
neutron -s Neutron,-en
electrically neutral elektrisch neutral
mass -e Masse
atomic mass unit -e Atom-Masseneinheit
electron -s Elektron,-en
t orbit sthg. etwas umkreisen
kinetic energy -e Bewegungsenergie/ -e kinetische Energie
t excite anregen
excitation -e Anregung
atomic number -e Ordnungszahl
mass number related terms: -e Massenzahl
nuclear fission -e Kernspaltung
nuclear energy -e Kernenergie/ -e Keimkraft
t decay zerfallen
[nuclear] radiation -e [Kern] Strahlung/ -e radioaktive Strahlung
radioactive radioaktiv
half-life -e Halbwertszeit
t corrode korrodieren
treact reagieren
non-reactive reaktionsträge
period -e Periode
group -e Gruppe
configuration -e Anordnung
shell -e Schale
outer electrons/ valence electrons (-s) Außenelektronen
valence -e Wertigkeit/ -e Ladungswert/ -e Oxidationszahl
Inert gas/ noble gas/ rare gas -s Edelgas
transition element -s Übergangselement
chemical bonds (-e) Bindungsarten
ionic bond -e Ionenbindung
ion -s Ion
crystal lattice -s Kristallgitter
metallic bond -e Metallbindung
t conduct electricity Strom leiten
covalent bond -e Atombindung
molecule -s Molekül
metal -s Metall
ferrous metal -s Eisenmetall
iron -s Eisen
steel -r Stahl
nonferrous metal -s Nichteisen-Metall/ -s NE-Metal
heavy metal -s Schwermetall
nonferrous heavy metal -s Buntmetall
copper -s Kupfer
zinc -s Zink
lead -s Blei
light metal -s Leichtmetall
aluminum -s Aluminium
magnesium -s Magnesium
titanium -s Titan
metalloid -s Halbmetall
semiconductor -r Halbleiter
silicon -s Silizium
non-metal -s Nichtmetall
plastic -r Kunststoff
ceramics -e Keramik
glass -s Glas
composite -r Verbundwerkstoff
glass-fiber reinforced plastic -r glasfaserverstärkte Kunststoff
cemented carbide -s Hartmetal
properties of materials: (-e) Werkstoffeigenschaften
state [of matter] -r Aggregatszustand
solid -r Feststoff// fest
liquid -e Flüssigkeit// flüssig
gas -s Gas
gaseous gasförmig
property -e Eigenschaft
physical properties (-e) physikalische Eigenschaften
(of a material) (eines Werkstoffes)
density -e Dichte
melting point -r Schmelzpunkt
boiling point -r Siedepunkt
volatility -e Flüchtigkeit
volatile [leicht] flüchtig
non-volatile nicht flüchtig
heat resistance -e Wärmebeständigkeit
t withstand temperatures of... wärmebeständig sein {bis/ bei} Temperaturen von ...
service temperature(s) -e Betriebstemperatur
thermal conductivity -e Wärmeleitfähigkeit/ -e Wärmeleitzahl
mechanical properties (-e) mechanische Eigenschaften
(of a material) (eines Teiles)
strength -e Festigkeit
strong fest
solid fest
hard hart
tensile strength -e Zugfestigkeit
hardness -e Härte
hard hart
wear resistance/ resistance to wear -e Verschleißfestigkeit
abrasion resistance -e Abriebfestigkeit
toughness -e Zähigkeit
brittleness -e Sprödigkeit
tough zäh
brittle spröde
impact strength -e Schlagzähigkeit
impact resistant schlagzäh
rigidity/ stiffness -e Steifigkeit
stiff steif
flexibility -e Biegsamkeit/ -e Elastizität
flexible biegsam/ weichelastisch
ductility -e Verformbarkeit
ductile/ plastic verformbar
electrical properties (of a material) (-e) elektrische Eigenschaften (eines Werkstoffes)
[electrical] conductivity -e [elektrische] Leitfähigkeit
chemical properties (of a material) (-e) chemische Eigenschaften (eines Werkstoffes)
purity -e Reinheit
corrosion resistance -e Korrosionsbeständigkeit
technological properties hier: (-e) Verarbeitungseigenschaften
casting properties -e Gießbarkeit
forgeability/ forging properties -e Schmiedbarkeit
machining properties -e Zerspanbarkeit
HYDROGEN H -R Wasserstoff
boron B -s Bor
CARBON C -R Kohlenstoff
NITROGEN N -R Stickstoff
OXYGEN O -R Sauerstoff
fluorine* F -s Fluor
SODIUM Na -s Natrium
SILICON* Si -s Silizium
phosphorus P -r Phosphor
sulphur (BE)/ sulfur (AE) S -r Schwefel
chlorine* CI -s Chlor
titanium Ti -s Titan
chromium Cr -s Chrom
manganese Mn -s Mangan
iron FE -s Eisen
copper Cu -s Kupfer
arsenic As -s Arsen
bromine* Br -s Brom
molybdenum Mo -s Molybdän
silver AG -s Silber
tin SN -s Zinn
antimony Sb -s Antimon
iodine I -s Jod
TUNGSTEN -s Wolfram
platinum -s Platin
gold -s Gold
MERCURY -s Quecksilber
LEAD -s Blei
bismuth -s Wismut
uranium -s Uran
plutonium -s Plutonium
composite -r Verbundwerkstoff
Silicon -s Silizium
silicone -s Silikon
Created by: Jonass
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