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Psychology the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
behavior anything you do
covert behavior can not be observed "non scientific"
overt behavior can be observed
goals of psychology to DESCRIBE, UNDERSTAND, PREDICT, and CONTROL behavior
Goal for understanding behavior we know why a behavior occurred
control refers to altering the conditions that influence behavior
structuralist school of psychology did.... used in trisection to attempt to understand conscious experience
Functionalist used natural selection principles to help people adapt to their environment
stimulus response conditioning and learning behaviorist
"The whole is greater than the sum of its parts" Gestalt
psychoanalytic explained behavior in terms of unconscious conflicts and desires
humanistic self determinism, free will, change, self- actualization
eclectic drawing from a variety of theoretical approaches
research tools experiment
experiments two groups control group and experiment group
dependent and independent variable independent- what we change for the experiment dependent- the results of that change
how many neurons does the human brain consist of? 100 billion (11 zeros) 100,000,000,000
major parts of neuron dendrites- receive info from surrounding cells soma-cell body-processes info axon-reaches out to communicate with other cells axon terminals-manufactures & releases neurotransmitters
not a part of neuron gap or hole ; space between; cenap
diffence between sympatheic and parasympathetic nervous system SNS- increases PNS-decreases
highest and largest area of the brain found in humans cerebrum
lost sensation on right side left side of brain
connects two halves of the brain corpus callosum
hemispheric specialization each hemisphere processes info differently
left hemisphere does? language, speech, and ordering of complex movements
right hemisphere does? nonverbal, visualization, recognize faces, simple language comprehension
brain center for HEARING temporal lobe
VISUAL area of the brain occipital lobe
BODILY SENSATIONS such as touch or temperature is in the ??? Parietal lobe
frontal lobes are damaged? Personality, decision making
surrounding external conditions that affect a person Nurture
each cell processes 46... chromosomes
Most human characteristics are the result of many genes working in combination. Polygenic
TEMPERMENT (easy, difficult, and slow to warm up babies) is considered evidence for... the genetic (or inherited) component of personality
problems caused by defects in the genes genetic problems
problems caused by damage or toxins in the mother's womb birth defects
substances capable for causing problems teratogen
humans are more susceptible to environment effect during specific times in the development cycle. sensitivity periods
best advice for a mother to do when she is pregnant stop smoking and drinking before getting pregnant
infants reflexes are.. Grasping, rooting, sucking, Moro
infants visual preference light, color, bright color, pattern, complex pattern, human faces
normal pattern for infants motor development ( walking) 11 to 13 months
social referencing between 12-24 months they will begin watching parents react emotionally to situations, teaches infant what his/her emotions should be
most important reason a mother should breast feed "contact comfort" it helps the attachment process
ERIK ERIKSON believed the major developmental task facing a child from 1 to 3 in the second stage of development is.... Autonomy
a child entering ABOLESCENCE can expect major dev. task demands to center around the need to.. Identity
young adult's main task Intimacy
a person fails to develop a sense of integrity and self-respect in later adulthood, feeling of _____ tend to result despair
Ablation, Electrical Stimulation, Electroencephalograph(EEG), X-Ray, CT, MRI, PET, Functional MRI methods of researching the brains functions
Created by: baybay00