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Pharmacology Ch. 13

Drugs for Muscle and Joint Disease and Pain

QuestionAnswer
neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh)
Muscle Relaxant used for treating reversible spasticity resulting from spinal cord lesions or multiple sclerosis. Baclofen (Lioresal)
most commonly used muscle relaxant that is subject to abuse Carisoprodol (Soma)
another most commonly used muscle relaxant Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
muscle relaxant that is given before surgery to patients susceptible to malignant hyperthermia Dantrolene (Dantrium)
muscle relaxant that has abuse potential Diazepam (Valium)
muscle relaxant that you should notify the doctor if yellowing of the skin or eyes occur Metaxalone (Skelaxin)
Muscle relaxant that may turn urine brown, black, or green Methocarbamol (Robaxin)
salicylate that has a serious side effect of salicylism and reye's syndrome Aspirin
other salicylates Trilisate and Salsalate
antipyretic analgesic Accetaminophen (Tylenol)
antidote for tylenol Acetylcysteine (Acetadote)
NSAID that you should report any blood in the stool Lodine
NSAID that is also used to treat gout Indocin
NSAID that is short term and mostly sport related Toradol
NSAID primarily used for period cramps Ponstel
Other NSAIDs Diclofenac, Ansaid, Ibuprofen, Mobic, Naproxen, Feldene, Clinoril
COX-2 inhibitor Celebrex
another drug used to treat RA that has abuse potential Ultram
Other drugs to used to treat RA Vimovo and Duexis
DMARD that causes reproductive organ failure and irreparable damage to the bladder Cytoxan
DMARD used to treat malaria, lupus, and RA Plaquenil
DMARD approved for Crohn disease Remicade
DMARD with a very long half life (2 years) Arava
DMARD that treats metastasis and psoriasis Methotrexate
Other DMARDs Orencia, Humira, Imuran, Enbrel, Simponi, steriods
drug for lupus Benlysta
prevents attacks of gouty arthritis Zyloprim
treats gout and the regimen is to take 2 tablets, followed by 1 tablet an hour later until clear or diarrhea Colchicine
the NSAID that is used most for gouty arthritis Indocin
Other drug to treat gout Krystexxa
treats gout but has a risk of kidney stones Col-Probenecid
Created by: Blogan