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0425DSN

Appendix C

TermDefinition
Absorption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream or systematic circulation.
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching compliance with established criteria( usually refers to recognition of an instituition or program)
Ambulatory Pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital or medical center that provides medical services to ambulatory patients.
Automated Dispensing Technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated Medication Dispensing Device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered does of a medication that reaches the bloodstream.
Brand-name Drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream.
Centralized Dispensing Automation Technology that assists in the selcetion and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location(usually centrally located in the hospital). Pharmacy personnel, resources and functions primarily reside within this self contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.
Chain Pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Community Pharmacy Generally a stand alone pharmacy located within a community that provides meducation services to ambulatory patients.
Controlled Substances Drugs or chemical substances who possession and use are regualted under the Federal Controlled Substance Act and by state controlled substance laws and regualtions.
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area.
Dispensing the act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription
Drug Distribution services The system used to distribute medications that begin when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is adminstered to the patient
DEA The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs.
Expectorate To cough up or spit
Generic Drug a drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost.
HIPAA Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients private health information
Inhalant a fine powder or solution of a drug delivered in a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intraarticular injected directly in to the joint
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal injected directly into the top layers of the skin
Intra muscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass and absorbed from the muslce tissue into the bloodstream
intraperitoneal administered into the abdominal cavity(Peritoneal space)
Intrapleural Administered into the sac that surrounds the lungs(pleural space)
intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only.
Licensure The process which an agency of the government grants permissson to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health, safety and wlefare will be protect
Lozenge A hard, disk shapoed solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked on
Mail-order ppharmacy a pharmadcy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense medications that are mailed to patients.
Medication order a written, electronic, telephone or verabl request for a patient medication in a inpatient setting.
NDC A unique number assigned to each drug, strength and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medicatin dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes.
OTC drugs drug that are available without a prescription
Parenteral a route of medication administered that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract( intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaaneous)
Patient Counseling The act of educating a patient by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Pharmacist A health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
Pharmacy satellite a physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of Pharmacy the practice of pharmacy is regualted by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations.
Prescription The written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient.
Primary prescription label a label affixed to a dispensed drug product that contains legally required information.
Professional a person who practices an occupation oir vocation that requires specialized training.
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT immediatley
Subcutaneous tissue under the skin
Subgingival administered via the subgingival space which is the space between the tooth and gum/
Sublingual placed under the tongue where it dissolves and its absorbed into the bloodstream.
Technician An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession.
Topical applied to the skin, mucous memberanes or other external parts of the body.
Transdermal through the skin; percutaneous
Created by: Danni813