Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Pharmacology exam1

Pharm exam 1

Penicillinsweaken cell wall/safest
Penicillin G narrow spectrum/ pencilinase sensitive/treats pneumonia, meningitis, gas gangrene/allergy
Allergy type immediate/ accelerated/late
Anaphylaxis laryngeal edema/bronchoconstriction/hypotension
Allergy treatment epinephrine/respiratory support/ prevention-skin test
Cephalosporins beta lactam/bactericidal/high therapeutic index/ given parenterally/allergy/bleeding/thrombophelbitis
First generation Cefazolin/cephalexin/gram positive/prophylaxis
Second generation Cefotetan/Cefaclor/Cefoxitin-abdominal inf./ H.flu & URI
Third generation Ceftriaxone/ meningitis, gonorrhea, severe infection, UTI
Fourth generation Cefepime/use for CSF
3rd& 4th generation increased activity against gram negative bacteria/increase resistance to beta lactamses/increased ability to reach CSF
Carbapenems beta-lactam with low toxicity
Imipenem staph, gram + & -, bone, joint, skin, soft tissue/ MVA/ gi-n/v, diarrhea, rash, pruritus/ give IV only
Vancomycin inhibits cell wall/active against gram +/severe infections MRSA/ototoxicity, red person syndrome, thrombophlebitis, allergy
Monobactams Aztreonam/inhibits cell wall/narrow spectrum/ active against gram - aerobic bacteria/ H.Flu, E.coli, severe systemic infections/ must be given IM or IV/ pain & thrombophlebitis @ injection site
Fosfomycin single dose therapy/ UTI caused by e.coli/ diarrhea & headache
Tetracyclines broad spectrum/ inhibits protein synthesis/emerging resistance due to extensive use/ bacteriostatic/ Rocky mountain fever, typhus fever, chlamydia, brucellosis, cholera, lyme diease
Tetracycline Adverse Effects absorption decreased when given with calcium, milk, iron/ give 2hrs before or 2hrs after/ GI cramps, n/v, diarrhea, photosensitive, effect on bone, teeth (yellow/brown), superinfection, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity
Doxycycline long acting agent/ given once daily/ can be taken with food/periodontal disease, lyme disease, anthrax, gum disease
Macrolides very big molecules/ broad spectrum/ gram + & -
Erythromycin use if allergic to penicillin, pneumonia, whooping cough, acute diphtheria/ can be taken with food/ GI-n/v, diarrhea/ cholestatic hepatitis- n/v, jaundice/sudden cardiac death/ stay away from pts who has cardiac problems
Other Macrolides Clarithromycin- resp. tract inf. & h. pylori/ Azithromycin- resp. tract inf. & otitis media/ ear & sinus inf.
Clindamycin inhibits protein synthesis/indicated only for certain anaerobic inf. located outside CNS/group A & gas gangrene/ can induce AAPMC-super inf. of bowel/ renal toxicity- kidneys & liver/ hepatic toxicity
Linezolid first member of new class of antibiotics-oxazolidinones/ active against VRE & MRSA/ diarrhea, nausea, headache
Telthromycin first rep of the ketolides class/ effective against strains of strep/ GI-n/v, diarrhea, gray syndrome, visual disturbances
Chloramphenicol broad spectrum/ inhibits protein synthesis/ only for life-threating inf./ reversible bone marrow depression, fatal aplastic anemia, gray syndrome, gi effects, peripheral neurpathy
Tigecycline MRSA & complicated intraabdominal inf./ n/v
Pleuromutlin Retapamulin-topical antibiotic for impetigo/ Mupirocin- bactroban specific for clearing nostrils of MRSA
Aminoglycosides narrow spectrum/ bactericidal but needs oxygen/ microbial resistance/ aerobic gram -, serious inf./ risk serious injury to ear & kidney/ ototoxicity-tinnitus, nephrotoxicity, neuromuscular blockade, hypersensitivity, drug interaction w/pcn- cannot mix
Gentmicin serious inf. caused by gram-/ pseudomonas, E.coli, kiebsiella, serrtia/ nephrotoxicity/ ototoxicity
Sulfonamides broad spectrum/ bacteriostatic/ suppress bacterial growth by folic acid/ UTI/ hypersensitivity- rash, photo, stevens-johnson syndrome, crystalluria- drink water/ intensifies with warfarin
Created by: 1041879472510690