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Tera's Pharm

LP4 Review

definition of antibiotics drugs used to treat bacterial infections
definition of antivirals medications used to treat viruses
antimicrobial definition tending to destroy microbes, to prevent their multiplication or growth, or to prevent their pathogenic action
definition of superinfection a new infection with different resistant bacteria or fungi. Usually associated with certain types of antibiotic therapy.
What are two main antibiotics used to treat UTIs? Cipero, Macrobid
What are some medications used to treat herpes? zovirax, fomvir, valtrex
What does VRE stand for? vancomycin-resistant enterococci
What antibiotic is usually prescribed to treat VRE? daptomycin
What agent is usually prescribed to treat VRE? linezolid
What does MRSA stand for? methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
What antibiotic is usually prescribed to treat MRSA? vancomycin
What medication is used for dental prophylaxis during dental procedures? Amoxicillin
What antibiotics are prescribed for severe cases of acne? tetracycline, doxycycline
What is the suffix of most drugs for fungal infections? -zole
What medications are usually used to treat TB? isoniazid, rifampin
What infections does clindamycin most effectively treat? serious respiratory tract infections, septicemia, osteomyelitis, serious infections of the female pelvis, and pneumonia associated with AIDS
What drug is used to treat trichomonas vaginalis? Metronidazole (Flagyl)
What is the purpose of combination antibiotics? prevention of antibiotic resistance
What food interaction is associated with Tetracycline? dairy products
medication used for skin cancer? fluorouracil
medication used for lung cancer in older adults? vinorelbine
medication used for breast cancer? tamoxifen
medication used for prostate cancer? Lupron, Casodex
What vaccine is given to prevent cervical cancer? Gardasil
How do you determine what class a medication falls in for LP4? determine the type of microorganism involved
Name the four main classes of anti-infectives? antibiotic, antifungal, antiviral, antiprotazole
Name an antiprotazole medication Flagyl
What three types of substances are used to prevent and reduce germ growth? Antimicrobial, antiseptics, disinfectants
How are antibiotics selected? culture and sensitivity, site of infection, kidney and liver status, age, pregnancy, resistance likelihood, allergies (PCN, Sulfa)
Trade name for cephalexin?? Keflex
medication used to treat herpes? acyclovir, vaclyclovir
micoorganism that causes disease? pathogenic
antibiotics treat what kind of microorganism? bacteria
what should patients on both an antibiotic and contraceptive be instructed to do? use a backup method
trade name of amoxycillin? Augmentin
Tamiflu should be given in ___ to ___ hours to be effective? 24-48
isonazid and rifampin are prescribed together to treat? TB
trade name for nitrofurantoin? Macrobid
medication used to treat septicemia, pelvic infection, bone infection? clindamycin
What is a harmless side effect for Macrobid? dark yellow or brown urine
List the six kinds of microorganisms bacteria, virus, protozoa, fungus, rickettsiae, helmiths
what are some examples of superinfections? c-diff and yeast infections
antigens are foreign ____? invaders
bacteria are categorized by their _____? shape
what do antiseptics do? prevent and inhibit microbes
what do bactericidal substances do? kill and destroy bacteria
one of the world's most significant health problems are ______ ________ antibiotic resistance
T or F: resistance occurs when an antibiotic is used inappropriately to treat an infection True
How many classifications are there of antibiotics? three- broad, narrow and extended
aminoglycosides are an _____ antibiotic (strong)
T or F: cephalosporins are not related to the penicillin family False
Macrolides are prescribed when patients are allergic to the _____ family penicillin
most common combination drug is amoxicillin-clavulanate
You must avoid alcohol with these types of antibiotics cephalosporins
You must ____ lots of fluids with quinolones drink
This antibiotic causes teeth staining and should be given on an empty stomach Tetracycline
This antibiotic specifically targets E.coli and is used to treat UTIs Nitrofurantoin
TB is treated with a mix of __ to __ daily drugs 2 - 4
T or F: rifampin turns secretions red/orange and birth control is ineffective True
What two organisms are included in the fungus category? mold and yeast
fluconazole (Diflucan) is used to treat? vaginal yeast infections
Nystatin is used to treat? thrush
T or F: Viruses don't need host cells to reproduce False
Cancer is caused by? disorderly uncontrolled cell division
what is proliferation? the process of rapid production
What medication may be needed to control nausea and vomiting in chemo patients? Zofran
Methotrexate treats? resistant psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus
C&S tests take ___ to ___ hours to become available. 24-48
what does empiric mean? it is a best guess for treatment based on history
what does HAIs stand for, and what is another term associated with it? hospital-aquired infections, nosocomial
Created by: JenSaw77



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