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Words and definitions

Therapeutic Classification Effect or Action
Analgesic Relieves Pain
Antidepressant Elevates Mood
Antihypertensive Increases arterial blood vessels to control blood pressure.
Anti-inflammatory Relieves irritation and swelling of tissue.
Antibiotic Treats bacterial invasion and infections.
Antihistamine Provides relief from allergies.
Anti-neoplastic Slows tumor growth of and destroys malignant cells.
Anti-psychotics Treatment of psychosis
Antiemetics Prevents and relieves nausea and vomiting
Antiviral Inhibits viral growth
Bronchodilators Treats asthma by dilating the bronchi
Cardiotonics Increases the force of the myocardium
Cholinergic Blockers Affects the autonomic nervous system
Cholinergic Mimics activity of the parasympathetic nervous system
Contraceptive Prevents conception/pregnancy
Decongestant Relieves nasal and sinus congestion by reducing swelling of the nasal passages
Diuretics Increases the secretion/urine out put by the kidneys
Emetics Promotes vomiting
Histamine/H2 Antagonists Inhibits histamine at the H2 receptor of the stomach
Hormones (Females) Prevents symptoms of menopause
Hormones (Males) Testosterone therapy to prevent Andropause
Immunologic Agents (Vaccines) Protection and immunity against disease
Insulin/ Oral Hypoglycemics Control of diabetes
Laxatives Increases bowel evacuation
Sedatives and Hypnotics Sedatives relax and calm/ hypnotics induce sleep
Stimulants Increase activity of the central nervous system
Thyroid and Antithyroid Increases or decreases the amount of the thyroid hormone produced
Anthelmintics Kills parasitic worms
Antagonism One drug decreases the effect of another drug
Chemical Name First name given to any medication it identifies the chemical components of a drug.
Contraindication Reasons why a medication would not be prescribed
Indication Medication is prescribed for (Usage)
Interaction How two or more drugs interact
Generic Names Name assigned to a drug during research and development
Trade Name Brand Name- Registereed by the U.S. patent office. Available for commercial use and distribution.
Pharmacodynamics The study of the ways drugs act on the body (actions on specific cells, organs, or tissues)
Pharmacokinetics The study of the action of the drugs within the body based on the route of administration (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion)
Potentiation One drug prolongs or multiples the effect of another
Synergism Two drugs working together
Side effect Predicable reactions to medications (not allergies)
Schedules Rating system issued by the DEA to regulate controlled substances.
Anaphylaxis Severe allergic reaction up to and including death
Created by: 100002773493972



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