Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 3 Pathology

QuestionAnswer
3 divisions of thoracic cavity pleural cavities, parietal pleura, visceral pleura
Anterior mediastinum includes: Thyroid and thymus glands
middle mediastinum includes: Heart and great vessels, esophagus, and trachea
posterior mediastinum includes: Descending aorta and spine
bony thorax includes: Ribs, Sternum, Thoracic vertebrae
Only sinuses present at birth maxillary and ethmoid
how many ribs are shown above the diaphragm on a good PA CXR 10
what occupies the largest portion of the mediastinum? heart
what is another term for the thymus? sail sign
when is the thymus visable on a CXR? newborns
What is respiratory failure lack of respiratory function
what is Hypoxemia low oxygen in arterial blood
what is Hypercapnia inability to move air in and of lungs, increase in Carbon Dioxide
What is cystic fibrosis most lethal genetic disease for white children, affects exocrine glands
What is Hyaline membrane disease also known as Respiratory Distress syndrome (RDS)
what is the radiographic sign for RDS appearance-severe atelectasis with air-bronchogram sign. Ground Glass appearance.
What is the most common type of lung infection pneumonia
Causes of pneumonia- bacteria, viral and mycoplasms (lack a cell wall, resist antibiotics)
What is Hyaline membrane disease also known as Respiratory Distress syndrome (RDS)
what is the radiographic sign for RDS appearance-severe atelectasis with air-bronchogram sign. Ground Glass appearance.
What is the most common type of lung infection pneumonia
Causes of pneumonia- bacteria, viral and mycoplasms (lack a cell wall, resist antibiotics)
where does legionaires pneumona thrive in warm moist places and may be transmitted through heating-cooling systems
How do most pneumonias appear radiographically patchy infiltrates throughout the lungs
what is Bronchiectasis inflammatory disease with permanent dilation of bronchi
what is the radiographic appearance of Bronchiectasis Increased bronchovascular markings and tram lines
What is pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) inflammatory disease from inhalation of myobacterium TB, signs are morning cough producing mucus
what is the radiographic sign for Milary TB Millet seed appearance
What is COPD stand for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
what is COPD group of disorders causing chronic airway obstruction
what is the radiographic appearance for chronic bronchitis hyperinflated lungs
What is emphyseama when alveoli become distended from loss of elasticity
what is Pneumoconioses a occupational lung disease from inhalation of foreign dust particles. Includes diseases like black lung disease and asbestosis
Where does Coccidioidomycosis thrive fungal infection that thrives in semiarid soil in southwest and mexico
Where does Histoplasmosis thrive Cause-fungal exposure to a opportunistic host, endemic to Ohio & Mississippi
Histoplasmosis is also know as The Pharaoh’s Curse (King Tut, Johnny Cash and Bob Dylan all had it)
What is a lung abscess? Necrotic lung tissue surrounded by inflammatory debris Causes-teeth infections, pneumonia, neoplasms
What is pleurisy Inflammation of the pleura-painful; Indicative of other diseases
what is Pleural effusion inflammatory disease Results when excess fluid collects in pleural cavity
what is the radiographic appearance of pleural effusion blunting of costophrenic angles
what inflammatory disease has the Symptoms of nasal discharge, headache, toothache and facial tenderness Sinusitis
what is Bronchial carcinoid neoplastic disease, usually benign, occurs in both sexes ages 40-60
what is a Bronchogenic Lesion Most common fatal primary malignancy in the U.S. accounting for over 90% of all lung tumors. Occurs between 45-70 years old especially smokers.
Four main types of a Bronchogenic Lesion Squamos cell, Small oat cell , Large cell, Adenocarcinoma
radiographic appearance of a Bronchogenic Lesion “coin lesion”
Another name for thyroid mets? snow storm
5 routes of transmission for neoplastic diseases? Hematogenous, Lymphogenous, Direct extension in local invasion, Bronchogenic, Direct implantation from biopsy/surgery
Created by: rachelreilly