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RTH 121 Exam One

QuestionAnswer
What does a normal epiglottis look like in an x-ray? (Hint: Clinical Connections) Side view of a leaf
What is the most common pathogen that causes Acute Epiglottis? Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
What is LTB? Laryngotracheobronchitis
What is inspiratory stridor known as? Croup Syndrome *inspiratory barklike cough associated with partial upper airway obstruction
What are the structures of the Larynx? (Hint: There are four.) Supportive Cartilages, Epiglottis, Glottis, Vocal Cords
The Larynx is also known as the... Voice box
Motor innervation of the laryngopharynx comes via the... 10th cranial nerve (Vagus Nerve)
Sensory innervation of the laryngopharynx receives information from the... 9th cranial nerve (glossopharyngeal)
What is the Eustachian Tube/Pharyngotympanic tube? Tube connecting the nasopharynx and middle ear
What is the function of the Eustachian Tube? Equalize pressure in the middle ear
The cells lining the pharynx are ciliated. True or False False
What are the subdivisions of the Pharynx? (Hint: There are 3.) Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Laryngopharynx
How do the turbinates or conchae add moisture to the incoming air? They separate inspired air into different air streams, increasing contact area between the inspired air and the warm, moist surface of the nasal mucosa.
What are the 3 bony protrusions within the nasal cavity that ass surface area for air contact? Upper, middle, lower turbinates or Conchae
What is the proper medical term for a nosebleed? Epistaxis
What covers the posterior 2/3rds of the nasal cavity? (Hint: Also known as the mucociliary escalator) Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelial Cells
The mucous blanket is composed of two layers. What are they? Gel Layer Sol Layer
Hair follicles in the nose that trap gross particles are called? Vibrissae
What is the conducting zone made up of? Trachea, Mainstem bronchi, Terminal Bronchioles
3 primary functions of the nose Warm, filter, humidify
What are the four components of the upper airway? Nose, Oral cavity, Pharynx, Larynx
Which cartilage is commonly called "Adam's Apple"? Thyroid cartilage
What are the 3 single cartilages? Thyroid cartilage, cricoid cartilage, epiglottis
What are the 3 paired cartilages? Arytenoid cartilage, cuneiform cartilage, corniculate cartilage
The respiratory zone is composed of ...? Respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, alveoli
Where is the mucous produced from? Submucosal Gland and Goblet Cells
What are the angles of the mainstem bronchi? Left- 40 to 60 degrees Right- 25 degrees
What is the Carina? Point where incoming air should have already reached full humidification and warming
Created by: cdegrazi