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unit 1 vocabulary

Chapters 1, 2, and 3

TermDefinition
sunbelt a group of southern states from the east coast all the up to california
regions areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, plant and animal life
coastal plain the southern most region of GA, georgia
fall line a belt of hills stretches about 20 miles wide
piedmont a rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line down to the base of the blue ridge mountains
appalachian mountains a mountain range that stretches from central alabama to canada, located in the northwest part of georgia
blue ridge mountain the easternmost
valley and ridge the region west of the blue ridge mountain, with fertile valleys lying between long, narrow mountain ridge
Appalachian plateau Georgia's smallest geographic region
archaeologist a scientist who studies the past based on materials such as fossils and artifacts that ancient people left behind
artifacts an object made, modified, or used by humans in the past that contribute to our understanding of an earlier culture
prehistoric relating to the time before written history
culture the common values and traditions of a society, such as language, government and family relationship
Paleo Indians the first Americans who crossed into Asia to north america approximately 10,000 years ago
Archaic Period the period of history after the last Ice Age, from approximately 8,000 B.C to 900 A.D
woodland period the period of history after the Archaic period, from approximately 100 B.C to 900 A.D
agriculture cultivating the soil to produce crops
renaissance the European civilization from the 1300's to 1600's
mercantilism an economic theory that the government controls trade
monopoly complete control over the entire supply and service
conquistador a Spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions
charter a written contract issued by the government giving the holder the right to establish the colony
joint-stack company a business formed by a group of people
gulfstream a powerful ocean current that flows from the gulf of mexico north a long the east coast of north american
Mississippian period the period following the woodland period, from approximately 900 to
Mississippian a native or resident of Mississippi
anthropologist a social scientist specializing in the study of humanity
antiquities ancient history, especially the period of time during which the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations flourished
horticulture Horticulture is a nice long word for "gardening." If you study horticulture, you learn about plant propagation, soil, fertilizer — everything that makes a good garden.
Clovis points
mounds a collection of objects laid on top of each other
palisade A palisade is a heavy-duty fence that's strong enough to keep out intruders, like one you might see around a military camp.
wooly mammoth
barter economy
maize
Bow and arrow
projectile
colonization
Spanish missions
barrier islands
influence
smallpox
Catholicism
new world
shale
tribe
clan
sherds
Nomads
effigy
atlatl
chiefdom
beringia
middens
moat
podium
mastodon
pottery
oral tradions
wattle an daub
mound
expeditions
Guale-Sea Island
fur trade
monarchy
protestant
Created by: 87clanew