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TermDefinition
Sunbelt A group of Southern states that stretches from the East coast all way to California.
Regions Areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and plant and animal life.
Coastal Plain The southernmost region in Georgia.
Fall line The land rises steadily from beaches and marshlands across fertile formline until it reaches a bell of hills about 20 miles wide called the fall line.
Piedmont A rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Appalachian Mountains A larger mountain range that stretches northward from Central Alabama to Canada.
Blue Ridge Mountains Form the easternmost range of the Appalachian Mountains.
Valley and Ridge Part of the Appalachian Mountains, but its terrain is characterized by fertile valleys lying between long, harrow mountain ridges that run in a northeasterly direction.
Archaeologists Study the past based on what ancient people left behind.
Artifacts Objects that were made, modified, or used by humans.
Pre-historic Periods from the time before written history.
culture A way of life shared by people, with similar arts, beliefs, and customs.
Paleo Indians The first people to live in the Georgia area.
Archaic period The period of georgia's history that began after the end of the last Ice Age is known as the Archaic period.
Woodland Period Lasted from around 1000 B.C. to about A.D. 9000.
Agriculture Cultivating the soil to produce crops.
Renaissance Lasted from the 1300s to 1600 and was a time of increased interest in art learning.
Conquistadors The 16th century Spanish soldiers who followed Columbus to the Americas were known as conquistadors.
Christopher Columbus had different plan. Columbus believed that he could sail west across the Atlantic and reach Asia.
Gulf Stream A powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along the Eastern coast of North America before turning east toward Europe.
Hernando De Soto Explored the South east. His expedition entered what is now Southwestern corner of Georgia in 1540.
Pedro Menendez de Aviles Got sent to Florida. Menendez task was destroyed Fort Caroline, a french settlement in territory claimed by Spain.
Charter Av written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power, by which an institution such as a company ,college, or city is created and its rights and privileges.
Bow and Arrow Weapon consisted of two parts: The bow is made up of a strip of flexible material such as wood, the arrow is used as a straight shaft with a sharp point at the end.
clan A group of close knitted families. A large group of extended families.
Oral tradition Information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down. This includes historical and cultural traditions, literature and law.
Fur trade A worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
Shale Soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs.
tribe A Social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religion, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, having a recognized leader.
Clovis points Are the characteristically fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture.
Mounds A rounded mass projecting above a surface.
Goods That which is morally right
Weather The state of the atmosphere and changes from rain, sunshine, wind, dryness, and heat.
Absolute Location Designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude in a Cartesian coordinate grid.
Podium A small platform on which a person may stand to be seen in an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra.
exports Sends goods or services into a country for sale.
Imports Bring goods and services into a country from aboard for sale.
Scale Each of the small, then horny or bony plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles, typically overlapping one another.
Middens A dunghill or refuse heap
Moat A deep wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort ,or town typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack.
Sherds Another term of potsherd.
Nomads A member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock.
Guale-Sea Island Was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present day Georgia and the Sea Islands.
Beringia A loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait.
Chiefdom A form of hierartical political organization in non industrial societies usually based on kinship.
Catholicism The faith, practice, and church of the Roman Catholic Church.
Influence The captivity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something.
Barter economy A cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates.
Antiquities The ancient past especially the period before the Middle Ages.
monarchy A king or queen
protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
Mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism. historical
New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Palisade a fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense.
Anthropologist the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.
Archaeologist s a scientist who studies human history by digging up human remains and artifacts.
Horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management.
Wooly Mammoth a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat. Individuals are sometimes found frozen in the permafrost of Siberia.
Maize technical or chiefly British term for corn1.
Smallpox an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by 1979.
Wattle and daub Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
Pottery Pots and dishes and other articles made up of earthernware baked clay.
relative location bsolute location, however, is a term with little real meaning, since any location must be expressed relative to something else. For example, longitude is the number of degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian, a line arbitrarily chosen to pass through G
prime meridian a planet's meridian adopted as the zero of longitude.
Services the action of helping or doing work for someone.
Parallels a person or thing that is similar or analogous to another.
meridians a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles.
hemisphere a half of a sphere.
equator s a country straddling the equator on South America’s west coast. Its diverse landscape encompasses Amazon jungle, Andean highlands and the wildlife-rich Galápagos Islands. In the Andean foothills at an elevation of 2,850m, Quito, the capital, is known fo
compass rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart.
Aquifers a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.
Colonization is the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.
Atlatl a stick used by Eskimos and early American Indians to propel a spear or dart.
mastodon a large, extinct, elephantlike mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number.
mound builders another term for megapode.
expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war. "an expedition to the jungles of the Orinoco"
spanish missions f or relating to a style used in the early Spanish missions of the southwestern United States <mission architecture> 2. : of, relating to, or having the characteristic of a style of plain heavy usually oak furniture originating in the United States in the
Chattahoochee river The Chattahoochee River forms the southern half of the Alabama and Georgia border, as well as a portion of the Florida border
longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.
mastodon a large, extinct, elephantlike mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number.
podium a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra.
Created by: 40lammit