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Brainology Vocab

Brandt Brainology

QuestionAnswer
What is a scotoma? A sensory blind spot to information. EVERYONE HAS THEM, ALL THE TIME!
The prefrontal cortex is called the ___________ brain. Thinking
What happens in the prefrontal cortex? We consciously process and reflect on information (THINK)
What is the lower, automatic brain sometimes called? The Reactive Brain or autonomic nervous system or reptilian brain
What happens in the autonomic brain? Information is reacted to instinctively, not processed through the thinking brain
What does the Reticular Activating System (RAS) do? It filters sensory information into the thinking brain. What is important TO YOU at the moment is allowed into the brain by this “gatekeeper.”
What does the Amygdala do? It routes information based on your emotional state. If your state is negative, information is blocked from the thinking brain and your reactive brain is in control.
What does the Hippocampus do? It connects new information to already processed information to process and store it. With practice, new learning is “grooved” into long term memory.
What is Dopamine? It is a neurotransmitter (chemical) produced when you are in a positive emotional state that carries electrical impulses across the synapses of nerve cells in the brain.
What does a fixed mindset believe about your most basic qualities, like intelligence or talent? That they are fixed traits that cannot be changed.
What does a growth mindset believe about intelligence and talent? These abilities can be changed and developed with dedication and hard work.
What is self talk? The talk you have with yourself in your head all the time. 50,000 thoughts a day!
Define Potential The possibility of what you can become. It is limited by your attitudes, habits, beliefs, and expectations
This is something you want enough that you make an effort to reach it. Goals
This is a positive statement of something you want to achieve in the present tense like you've already accomplished it. It helps move you toward your goals. Affirmation
These are things you just do, often without thinking about how you got them or if they are good for you. Habits
These are shown by what you say or how you think or feel about something. We get these likes/dislikes from our experiences in life often without thinking about if they are good for us or not. Attitudes
What two parts of the brain make up the Limbic System? Amygdala and Hippocampus
What are the nerve cells in your brain called? Neurons
What can cause a scotoma? past conditioning, self talk, how others talk to you, what your focus on, your beliefs, expectations...
How do we really see? With our brains! People without working eyes can now see with technologies like Brainport.
What is good for studying in terms of brain research no music, no multitasking, good sleep,good nutrition, exercise regularly , limit screen time to healthy amounts of time
Because technology is changing so fast, what is the most important thing for you to learn? How to learn!
How is your brain like a muscle? It grows with practice
What happens in the brain when we learn something new? New connections between neurons that fire together are formed. The more you think about the new information, the more chemicals build up at the synapses or gaps between the nerve cells
What is the truth about smart and dumb Those perceived as smarter have just practice more or have more experience
How did scientists first prove you grow new brain cells? In experiments with animals who had cages with many things to learn. Later in humans it was a study with taxicab drivers in London.
You see with your ___. Brain, not your eyes. They just focus light.
What are the three parts of the mind? conscious, sub-conscious, and creative sub-conscious?
What part of the mind do you know you are using? conscious
What part of the mind stores information? sub-conscious
What part of the mind works to try to always prove you right, whether it is good for you or not? creative sub-conscious
Why is controlling your self-talk important? You build your beliefs with your self-talk. They your creative sub-conscious makes those beliefs true by building scotomas to info that does not match and only letting you "see" what does. Higher beliefs = higher performance!
What is restrictive motivation When you tell yourself you "have to" "or else". Your subconscious fights back against this kind.
What is constructive motivation? When your tell yourself "I want to" and give your subconscious positive pictures to make happen.
Created by: tbrandt