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Chapter 15 vocab

QuestionAnswer
Addison's disease condition resulting in a decrease on levels of adrenocortical hormones which causes symptoms such as muscle weakness and weight loss
Autocrine Denoting a mode of hormone action in which a hormone binds to receptors on the cell and affects the function of the cell type that produced it
Autoimmune disease condition in which a persons tissue is attacked by their immune system
Catecholamine the hormones made in the brainstem, nervous system, and adrenal glands help body fight stress and fight or flight response. they control heart rate, blood pressure, and nervous system functions
Calcitonin A thyroid hormone that helps regulate blood concentrations of calcium and phosphate and promotes bone formation
Cretinism Condition in which the development of the brain and body s inhibited by a congenital lack of thyroid hormone secretin
Cushing's disease condition causing an increase in secretion of adrenocortical hormones; symptoms are buffalo hump and moon face
Cushing's syndrome although it is caused specifically by adenoma of the pituitary glad that results in an increase in ACTH and cortisol levels; it is a complex set of symptoms that may have multiple causes
Diabetes mellitus A complex disorder or carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism that is primarily a result of a deficiency or complete lack of insulin secretion from cells within the pancreas.
Exophthalmos eyeball sticking out further than it should
Glucose or simple sugar is an important carbohydrate in biology it is the primary source of energy for cells
Goiter condition in which he thyroid becomes enlarged because of a lack of iodine
Graves's disease condition caused by hyper secretion of thyroid hormones with symptoms such as diffuse goiter, exophthalmos, and skin changes
homeostasis The equilibrium pertaining to the balance of the body with respect to fluid levels, pH levels, osmotic pressures, and concentration of various substances
hormones chemical substances produced and secreted by an endocrine duct into the blood stream that results in a physiological response at a specific target tissue
hypercalcemia elevated concentration of calcium in the blood
hyperglycemia elevated concentration of glucose in the blood
hypocalcemia low concentration of calcium in the blood
hypoglycemia low concentration of glucose in the blood
Myxedema condition associated with a decreased of overall thyroid production
Neuroblastomas Tumors of the neural crest
Osteoporosis condition associated with a decrease of bone mass and softening of bone resulting in them fracturing easier
Paget's disease of bone a focal disorder of bone remodeling resulting in weakened ,deformed bones of increased mass and associated fractures
Paracrine Denoting a type of hormone function in which hormone synthesized in and released from one cell signals and binds to its receptor on other type of adjacent cells
Pheochomocytoma Tumors of the adrenal gland that produce excess adrenaline and norepinephrine
Simmonds's disease A pituitary disorder that is a form of panhypopituitarism in which all pituitary secretions are deficient
Thyroxine (T4) A thyroid hormone derived from amino acid and influences metabolic rate
triiodothyronine (T3) A thyroid hormone that helps regulate growth and development and controls metabolism and body temperature
Spermatogenesis The process by which immature germ cells mature into spermatozoa usually starts at male puberty
Created by: must learn