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RT Procedure Test 1

Radiology Anatomy & Radiographic Positioning Terminology Pt1

TermDefinition
Anterior (ventral) forward or front part of body or body part
Distal farthest from the point of attachment or origin
Posterior (dorsal) back of body part
Proximal nearer to the point of attachment or origin
Caudad parts away from the head of the body; toward the feet
Cephalad parts toward the head of the body; away from the feet
External outside of the body
Internal inside of the body
Superior nearer the head or situated above
Inferior nearer the feet or situated below
Parietal the wall or lining of the body cavity
Visceral the covering of the organs
Central mid area or main part of an organ
Palmar palms of the hand
Plantar sole of feet
Dorsum anterior, or top of the foot or the back of the hand
Lateral (direction) away from the midplane of the body or away from the middle of the body part
Peripheral at or near the surface, edge or outside of another body part (think PERImeter)
Ipsilateral parts are on the same side of the body
Contralateral parts are on the opposite side of the body (think CONTRAdiction)
Deep far from the surface
Superficial near the skin surface
Medial toward the midplane of the body or toward the middle of the body part
Processes or Projections extends beyond or projects from the main body of a bone
Depression hollow or depressed area
Fracture a break in the bone
Condyle round process at an articular extremity or end
Coracoid/ coronoid beaklike or crownlike process
Crest ridgelike process
Epicondyle projection above the condyle
Facet small, smooth surface articular process
Hamulus hook-shaped process
Head expanded end of a long bone
Horn hornlike process
Line linear elevation; not as prominent as a crest
Malleolus club-shaped process
Protuberance projecting prominence
Spine sharp process
Styloid long, pointed process
Trochanter either of the two large, rounded, and elevated processes of the proximal femur
Tubercle small, rounded and elevated process
Tuberosity large, rounded and elevated process
Fissure cleft or deep groove
Foramen hole in a bone for transmission of blood vessels and nerves
Fossa pit, fovea or hollow space
Groove shallow linear channel
Meatus tube-like passageway running within a bone
Notch indentation into border of a bone
Sinus recess, groove, cavity, or hollow space
Sulcus furrow or trench
Projection (positioning) the path of the CR as it exits the xray tube, passing through the patient to the IR
Position overall posture of the patient or general body position
View the body part as seen by the IR; exact opposite projection
Method a specific radiologic position developed by an individual
AP CR enters the anterior surface and exits the posterior
PA CR enters the posterior surface and exits the anterior
Axial longitiudnal angle o the CR of 10 degrees or more
Tangential CR directed along the outer margin of a curved body surface
Lateral (positioning) CR enters one side of the body, passing transversely along the coronal plane
Oblique CR enters from a side angle, entrance and exits surface still specific
Abduction movement of a part away from the central axis of the body
Adduction movement of a part toward from the central axis of the body
Extension straightening of a joint
Flexion bending of a joint
Hyperflexion forced overflexion
Hypertension forced or excessive extension
Eversion outward turning of the foot at the ankle
Inversion inward turning of the foot at the ankle
Pronation rotation of forearm so that palms are down (think prone)
Supination rotation of forearm so that palms are up (think supine)
Rotation turning the body or part around its axis rotation of a limb is either medial or lateral
Circumduction circular movement of a limb
Tilt tipping or slanting a body part slightly
Deviation a turning away from regular or standard course
Upright erect or vertical
Seated upright, but sitting on a stool
Recumbent lying down in any position
Supine lying down on back
Prone lying face down
Decubitus recumbent position with a horizontal CR
Lordotic upright position which the patient is leaning back
Fowler's position supine with head elevated
Trendelenburg's position supine with head lower than feet
Sim's position recumbent with patient lying on left anterior side with left leg extended and right knee and thigh partially flexed
Lithotomy position supine with knees and hips flexed and thighs abducted and rotated externally, supported by ankle supports
Created by: futureRT