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Social Studies 1

First SS quiz

Globe a three-dimensional, or spherical, representation of Earth
Map a two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth
Latitude imaginary lines that run east to west, parallel to the equator
Equator the center line of latitude
Longitude imaginary lines that run from the North pole to the South pole
Prime Meridian the center line of longitude running through Greenwich, England
Hemisphere half of Earth
Scale shows how much distance is represented on the map. For example, 1/2 inch represents 100 miles on the globe.
Cartographer a mapmaker
Elevation the height of a physical feature above sea level
Relief the change in elevation from one place to another
Projection a way of showing Earth's curved surface on a flat map. This reduces distortion!
Spatial Thinking thinking about the space on Earth's surface, including where places are located and why they are there.
Geographic Patterns Similarities among places. Large cities near water is one example.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) create maps and analyze patterns using many layers of data,
5 Themes of Geography Location, Place, Human Environment Interaction, Movement, Region
6 Essential Elements to Study Physical Processes and Human Systems The world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical systems, human systems, environment and society, and the uses of geography
Region A group of places with common traits. The region is linked by trade, culture, and other human activities.
Continent large landmass on Earth's surface. Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Nort America, South America, and Antarctica
Title Subject of a map or globe
Symbols Represent information such as natural resources and economic activities.
Labels names of places, such as cities, countries, rivers, and mountains.
Colors represent different kinds of information. For example, the color blue is usually water.
Legend (or key) explains what the symbols and colors on the map or globe represent.
Compass Rose Show the directions north, south, east, and west.
Locator Globe shows the specific area on the world that is shown on a map
Political Maps show where the boundaries and locations of countries, states, cities, towns and counties are. These boundaries and locations are generally determined by people rather than nature.
Created by: anthonybrita