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Foy Geography Test

This includes the study of both physical and cultural features. geography
This is the study of the earth's land and features. physical geography
This is the study of people and the places where they live. human geography
One's environment is made up of what two things? landforms and climate
Studying this is important to both physical and human geography. location
By comparing this, geographers can learn more about the factors that affect each of them. locations
The features of a region can be described in what two ways? physical or human
What was critical to early settlement? resources in an area
What were some early resources? water, animals, fertile land, stones for tools
What does geography affect if the first societies formed along rivers? It affects the growth of civilizations.
What are a few types of weather-related problems caused by geography? floods and food shortages
What are some ways that people can affect geography? planting trees, building lakes, creating wastelands
Maps are useful because they can include what types of information? population, elevation, resources
What feature of a map gives directions and helps you find locations on a map? compass rose
What are the cardinal directions? (Be able to locate them on a compass) north, south, east, west`
What are the intermediate directions? (Be able to locate them on a compass) northwest, northeast, southwest, southeast
What feature of a map represents actual locations on a map? symbols
What feature of a map shows different symbols for a map? key or legend
What does a map scale show on a map? respective distance ex: 1 inch equals a mile
What do political maps show? governmental boundaries of countries, states, counties, etc.
What do physical maps show? landforms, like deserts, mountains, and plains
What do historical maps show? How land looked in the past
Be able to locate the following landorms on a map: mountain, peninsula, lake, plateau, bay, island, valley, forest, hill, plain, river, desert
Be able to locate the following continents on a map: North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia, Antarctica
Be able to locate the following oceans on a map: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, Southern
The pattern of weather conditions in a certain area over a long period of time. climate
These regions are high latitude regions of the world. polar
These climate zones are those without extremes of temperature and precipitation (rain or snow). temperate
What are the two type of temperate climates? maritime and continental
This climate is the desert or semi-desert areas of great continental areas surrounded by mountains. arid
This this climate, the weather is usually hot and humid, and during the wet season, it rains heavily and regularly almost every day. tropical
This defines the Mediterranean climate: wet winter/dry summer
This climate receives more rainfall than low-lying areas because the temperature on top of mountains is lower than the temperature at sea level. mountain
How many degrees is the Earth's circumference divided into? 360 degrees (like a circle)
The east-west lines in the grid are called what lines? (Be able to log these coordinates on a map) latitude
What are lines of latitude also called? parallels, because they are always parallel to each other
What lines measure distance north and south of the equator? latitude
This is the longest parallel, which is almost 25,000 miles long. equator
The major lines of latitude include: Tropic of Cancer, equator, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Circle, Antarctic Circle
What are the north-south lines in the grid? longitude
What is another name for lines of longitude? meridians
What lines measure distance east-west of the prime meridian? longitude
Where do meridians meet? the poles
How can a degree of latitude be broken down? 60 parts called minutes, which can further be broken down into 60 parts called seconds
When writing latitude and longitude, what order does it go in? latitude, longitude
A half of the globe, one of the halves into which the earth is divided? hemisphere
This is the eastern half of the earth from the prime meridian to 180 degrees longitude. eastern hemisphere
This is the western half of the earth from the prime meridian to 180 degrees longitude. western hemisphere
This is the half of the earth between the North Pole and the equator. northern hemisphere
This is the half of the earth between the South Pole and the equator. southern hemisphere
How many degrees does the earth rotate each hour? 15 degrees
Do you subtract or add an hour for each time zone when moving west? subtract
Do you subtract or add an hour for each time zone when moving east? add
Created by: lfoy8290