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PHARM chp 6

Alternative therapy includes herbs and other “natural” products as often found in ancient records; these products are not controlled or tested by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and are considered to be dietary supplements
Biological weapons so-called germ warfare; the use of bacteria, viruses, and parasites on a large scale to incapacitate or destroy a population
Cost comparison a comparison of the relative cost of the same drug provided by different manufacturers to determine the costs to the consumer
Internet the worldwide digital information system accessed through computer systems
Off-label uses uses of a drug that are not part of the stated therapeutic indications for which the drug was approved by the FDA; off-label uses may lead to new indications for a drug
Self-care tendency for patients to self-diagnose and determine their own treatment needs
Street drugs nonprescription drugs with no known therapeutic use; used to enhance mood or increase pleasure
In the 21st century, drugs pose new challenges for patients and health care providers, including information overload, demands for specific treatments, increased access to self-care systems, and financial pressures to provide cost-effective care
The mass media bombard consumers with medical reviews, research updates, and advertising for prescription drugs. If the use of a drug is stated, the adverse effects and cautions also must be stated
Increasing access to the Internet and World Wide Web has increased consumer access to drug information, advertising, and even purchasing without a mediator of this information. Determining the reliability of an Internet site is a challenge for the consumer and the health care provider
OTC drugs and herbal and alternative therapies allow patients to make medical decisions and self-treat many common signs and symptoms. Problems arise when they are used inappropriately, when they interact with prescription drugs, or when they mask signs and symptoms, making diagnosis difficult
Off-label uses of drugs occur when a drug has been released and is available for use. The use of a drug for an indication that is not approved by the FDA occurs commonly in pediatric and in psychiatric medicine, in which testing is limited or made ineffective by individual differences
Increasing costs of drugs and health care has led to the emergence of hmos and tight regulations on medical therapy and drug therapy alternatives. Cost comparison is a major consideration in the use of many drugs
Home care is one of the most rapidly growing areas of medical care. Patients are increasingly more responsible for managing their medical regimens from home with dependence on home health providers and teaching and support from knowledgeable nurses
Emergency preparedness in the post-9/11 era includes awareness of risks associated with biological or chemical weapon exposure and medical management for the victims
Illicit drug use can lead to dependence on the drug and physiological changes, causing health problems and changing the body’s response to traditional drugs
Proper disposal of unused or expired medications can help to protect the environment and may decrease drug-searching behaviors in some situations
Created by: 1480781538



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