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Pharm chp 3

TermDefinition
blood dyscrasia bone marrow depression caused by drug effects on the rapidly multiplying cells of the bone marrow; lower-than-normal levels of blood components can be seen
dermatological reactions skin reactions commonly seen as adverse effects of drugs; can range from simple rash to potentially fatal exfoliative dermatitis
drug allergy formation of antibodies to a drug or drug protein; causes an immune response when the person is next exposed to that drug
hypersensitivity excessive responsiveness to either the primary or the secondary effects of a drug; may be caused by a pathological condition or, in the absence of one, by a particular patient’s individual response
poisoning overdose of a drug that causes damage to multiple body systems and has the potential for fatal reactions
stomatitis inflammation of the mucous membranes related to drug effects; can lead to alterations in nutrition and dental problems
superinfections infections caused by the destruction of normal flora bacteria by certain drugs, which allow other bacteria to enter the body and cause infection; may occur during the course of antibiotic therapy
No drug does only what is desired of it. All drugs have adverse effects associated with them
Adverse drug effects can range from allergic reactions to tissue and cellular damage. The nurse needs to assess each situation for potential adverse effects and intervene appropriately to minimize those effects
Adverse effects can be extensions of the primary action of a drug or secondary effects that are not necessarily desirable but are unavoidable
Allergic reactions can occur when a person’s body makes antibodies to a drug or drug protein. If the person is exposed to that drug at another time, an immune response may occur.
Tissue damage can include skin problems, mucous membrane inflammation, blood dyscrasias, superinfections, liver or renal toxicity, poisoning, hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia, electrolyte disturbances, various CNS problems (ocular damage, auditory damage, atropine-like effects,
Created by: 1480781538