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Physical Science

Physical science study cards.

TermDefinition
Physical Science The study of matter and energy.
Mass Mass is the amount of material that a object has.
Physics Physics is the study of energy and how it acts with matter.
Chemistry Chemistry is the study of matter and how it changes.
Matter Matter is everything around us.
Unit A known amount used for measuring
Customary Ordinary
Metric System System of measurements used by scientists
Kilometer A metric measurement equal to 1,000 meters
Meter The fundamental unit of length in the metric system.
Centimeter A metric unit of length, equal to one hundredth of a meter.
Millimeter One thousandth of a meter
Meterstick A measuring stick one meter long that is usually marked off in centimeters.
Exponent A number that tells how many times another number is a factor.
Area The amount of surface an object has.
Kilogram A unit that equals 1,000 grams
Milligram A unit that measures 1/1000 of a gram
Centigram A unit that measures 1/100 of a gram
Cubic Centimeter A metric unit that means cm X cm X cm.
Property A property or characteristic of a substance that is observed during a reaction.
Solid A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume.
Liquid A form of matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape.
Gas A form of matter that has no definite shape or volume.
States Of Matter The form of matter that has, solid, liquid, or gas.
Plasma A very hot gas made of particles that have an electric charge.
Atom A unit of matter; the smallest unit of a chemical element.
Molecule A molecule is the smallest particle in a element or compound.
Element Matter that has only one atom.
Compound A substance that is formed when two or more elements join together.
Proton A tiny particle in the nucleus of an atom.
Neutron A tiny particle in the nucleus of an atom that is similar to a proton in size
Electron A tiny particle in the nucleus of an atom that is similar to a proton in size.
Atomic Number The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Atomic Mass The mass of an atom of a chemical element.
Symbol One or two letters used to represent an elements name.
Isotope An element that has a different number of neutrons than protons and electrons
Detriuium An isotope of hydrogen that has one proton and one neutron
Periodic Table An arrangement of elements by atomic number
Alloys A mixture of two or more metals.
Intert Lacking the power to move.
Non metals Type of element with properties unlike metals.
Noble gases Type of element made up of gases that do not combine with other materials.
Metals Type of element; usually solid at room temperaturere, shiny and a good conductoror.
Energy levels Energy level - one of the spaces around the nucleus in which electron move
Chemical Formula Tells the kind of atom and how many of each kind are in the compound.
Subscript A number in the formula that tells how many parts are in the compound.
Radicals A group of 2 or more atoms that act like 1 atom.
Binary compound A compound with two elements.
Acid A compound that reacts with metals to produce hydrogen
Base A compound that contains the OH radical
pH A number that tells if an item is a base or acid
Speed The rate at which the position of an object changes
Motion A change in postion
Distance The length of the path between two postions
Created by: WildWolf22