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PHR208

PHR208 Coomon Drugs & Uses-

QuestionAnswer
The organization that requires policies and procedures to guide the pharmacy department in providing safe, effective, and cost-effective drug therapy is the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
Which of the following words is misspelled? puritus
In the hospital setting, all medications are ordered by the physician through medication orders
The generic name for the drug Tylenol is acetaminophen
The root term “hemo,” as in the term hemoglobin, pertains to blood
Which of the following is a quasi-legal organization that has defined a standard of practice for pharmacy departments with certain policies and procedures having a defined content? American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
Which of the following statements is false about automation? It issues recertification
The sterile product is usually associated with drugs that are administered by injection or via the ophthalmic route
The abbreviation meaning “nothing by mouth” is n.p.o.
The ability to use the word parts such as the root, suffix, and prefix to understand a medical term is called word building
Which statement is true about patient billing in the hospital pharmacy? There is little interaction with patient billing and collections concerning the hospital pharmacy
The Pharmacist Care Claim Form (PCCF) was modified to create uniformity in professional pharmacy services documentation
In the hospital, how many major types of documentation exist? 3
Clinical documentation provides a permanent written record of observations and actions
Records of controlled substances must be kept for at least 24 months
Which of the following is most important about filing systems? confidentiality
Which of the following type of law regulates collection procedures? both state and federal law
Documentation must be accurate and clear because it may be used in legal cases/ it may become a deciding factor
Which of the following acts is most important in relation to collections? The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act/ The Telephone Consumer Protection Act
A nonprofit organization representing every sector of the pharmacy industry that also provides education about pharmacy-related topics is known as the National Council for Prescription Drug Programs
The trade name for diphenhydramine is... Benadryl
The automated processing of medication orders also results in... generation of patient profiles medication labels being produced medication administration records being produced
Which of the following is a quasi-legal organization that has defined a standard of practice for pharmacy departments with certain policies and procedures having a defined content? American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
_____ is the language of medicine. Medical terminology
The agency that inspects and approves hospitals to provide care for Medicaid patients is Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS)
A system of purchasing in which the hospital establishes a relationship with a single wholesaler in order to obtain more competitive pricing is prime vendor purchasing
Which of the following refers to the left ear? AS
Nonproprietary name .... United States Adopted Names Council (USAN) generic name
Proprietary name brand name
WAYS OF CLASSIFYING DRUGS Disorder/Body system affected/Type of receptor/ Type of action/Others
Analgesics Opiate-type-morphine Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)- ibuprofen- Salicylates-aspirin- Non-aspirin, non-NSAID-acetaminophen
ANESTHETIC AGENTS-Local Anesthetics Esters-procaine Amides-lidocaine Others-dyclonine
ANESTHETIC AGENTS-General Anesthetics Inhalation- Isoflurane IV- propofol
ANTI-INFECTIVES Anthelmintic-albendazole Antifungal-fluconazole Antimycobacterial-isoniazid Antiprotozoal-metronidazole
ANTI-INFECTIVES, cont Antiviral-acyclovir Antibiotic/cephalosporin-cephalexin Antibiotic/penicillin-amoxicillin Antibiotic/sulfonamide-trimethoprim/sulfamethoxa
`ANTI-INFECTIVES, Antibiotic/tetracycline- minocycline Antibiotic/other- clarithromycin Antibiotic/other- clindamycin Antibiotic/other- ciprofloxacin
ANTINEOPLASTICS Antimetabolite- methotrexate Alkylating agent- mechlorethamine Plant alkaloid- vinblastine Hormone- tamoxifen
CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS BY MECHANISM OF ACTION Beta-blocker- propranolol Calcium channel blocker- verapamil Diuretic- furosemide ACE inhibitor- enalapril
CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS BY CONDITION Antianginal- nitroglycerin Antiarrhythmic- digoxin Antihyperlipidemic- simvastatin Antihypertensive- ramapril
CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS BY CONDITION, CONT’D Thrombolytic- alteplase Anticoagulant- warfarin Vasopressor- dobutamine
DERMATOLOGICALS Steroid- hydrocortisone Antihistamine- diphenhydramine Anti-infective- silver sulfadiazine Antimetabolite- fluorocil
ELECTROLYTIC AGENTS Potassium supplement-potassium chloride Electrolyte replacement-sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate
GASTROINTESTINAL & URINARY TRACT AGENTS Enzyme- pancrelipase Antidiarrheal- loperamide Antiemetic- trimethobenzamide Urinary tract agent- tolterodine
GASTROINTESTINAL & URINARY TRACT AGENTS, CONT’D Antacid/antiulcer-ranitidine Antacid/antiulcer, proton pump inhibitor- omeprazole Laxative- lactulose Stool softener- docusate sodium
HEMATOLOGICAL AGENTS Hematopoietic-ferumoxytol Hemostatic- tranexamic acid
HORMONES & MODIFIERS Thyroid- Levothyroxine Parathyroid- calcitonin-salmon Pituitary/ovulatory stimulant- clomiphene Pituitary/hypothalamus oxytocin
HORMONES & MODIFIERS Adrenal/sympathomimetic-epinephrine Adrenal/corticosteroid-hydrocortisone Insulin-glargine Oral antidiabetic-glipizide
HORMONES & MODIFIERS, CONT’D Androgen- methyltestosterone Phosphodiesterase inhibitor-sildenafil Oral contraceptive- drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol Estrogen replacement- conjugated estrogens Progestin- medroxyprogesterone
IMMUNOBIOLOGIC AGENTS & VACCINES Immune Globulins-Octagam® Vaccine-Flumist®
MUSCULOSKELETAL AGENTS Disease-modifying antirheumatic-methotrexate Gold preparation-aurothioglucose Antigout-allopurinol
MUSCULOSKELETAL AGENTS, CONT’D Osteoporotic-alendronate Antispasmodic-diazepam Muscle relaxant-cyclobenzaprine
NEUROLOGICAL AGENTS Antiparkinsonian- carbidopa/levodopa Cognitive symptom agent-donezepril Antidepressant-nortriptylin SSRI-sertraline
NEUROLOGICAL AGENTS, CONT’D Antiepileptic-phenytoin Antimigraine-sumatriptan Immunomodulator-interferon beta-1a ADHD-methylphenidate
OPHTHALMIC & OTIC AGENTS Ophthalmic antibiotic-sulfacetamide Opthalmic antiviral-trifluridine Opthalmic antihistamine-olopatadine Opthalmic corticosteroid-prednisolone Opthalmic NSAID-ketoralac
OPHTHALMIC & OTIC AGENTS, CONT’D Opthalmic mydriatic-phenylephrine Opthalmic topical anesthetic-proparacaine Ocular lubricant-hydroxypropyl cellulose Antiglaucoma- timolol
OPHTHALMIC & OTIC AGENTS Otic anti-infective- neomycin, polymixin b, hydrocortisone Earwax softener- carbamide peroxide
PSYCHOTROPIC AGENTS Antipsychotic/bipolar-quetiapine Antipsychotic/ schizophrenia-chlorpromazine Antiseizure-carbamazepine
PSYCHOTROPIC AGENTS, CONTD Sedative/antianxiety-diazepam Hypnotic/barbiturate-pentobarbital Hypnotic/nonbarbiturate-meprobamate Antidepressant-fluoxetine
PSYCHOTROPIC AGENTS, CONT’D Treatment of alcoholism-disulfiram Treatment for cocaine addiction-desipramine Narcotic detoxification-methadone
RESPIRATORY AGENTS Antihistamine-loratadine Decongestant-pseudoephedrine Antitussive-Dextromethorphan Expectorant-guaifenesin
RESPIRATORY AGENTS, Mucolytic-acetylcysteine Bronchodilator/sympathomimetic- albuterol Bronchodilator/xanthine derivative- theophylline Bronchial corticosteroid- beclomethasone Anticholinergicipratropium