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A Chapter 1 Vocab

Aristotle Greek Scientist and philosopher
Asclepius Early physician and hero in Greece who was eventually considered the god of healing and medicine
Roger Bacon English scientist responsible for the scientific method'
Gerhard Domagk discovered sulfonamide the first synthetic antibiotic
Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin the first antibiotic
Claudius Galen Greek Physician who wrote many books and contributed greatly to the study of medicine
Hippocrates Greek Philosopher and physician who is known as the father of medicine
Gregor Mendel Scientist/monk known as the father of genetics
Paracelsus Swiss physician, philosopher, and scientist
Louis Pasteur French scientist who discovered several vaccines and invented pasteurization
Apothecary Latin term for pharmacist also a place where drugs are sold
Bloodletting The practice of draining blood believed to release illness
Caduceus often confused with the symbol for medicine two snakes intertwined around a walking staff with two wings at the top
Dogma code of beliefs based on ideology, religion or authoritative traditions rather than facts
Hippocratic Oath an oath taken by physicians concerning the ethics and practice of medicine
inpatient pharmacy a pharmacy in a hospital or institutional type setting
Laudanum a mixture of opium and alcohol used to treat dozens of illnesses through the 1800s
Leech's a type of segmented worm with suckers that attach to the skin of the host and engorge themselves with the host blood
maggots Fly larvae that feed on dead tissue used in medicine to clean wounds when infection doesn't respond to antibiotics
Opioid any agent that binds with the opioid receptors
Opium an analgesic that is made from poppy plant
Outpatient pharmacy Pharmacies that serve patients in their community's
Pharmacist a person who dispenses drugs and councils patients on any interactions they may have with food or other drugs
pharmacy drug or remedy in Greek, a place where drugs are sold
pharmacy clerk person who assist the pharmacist by billing patients
Pharmacy technician person who assist the pharmacist by filling prescriptions and performing other nondiscretionary task
Pharmacy Technician Certification Board issues a national exam for pharmacy technicians
Placebo effect a person suffering symptoms from an illness gets relief through faith or through a treatment with no tangible medical or treatment value
Shaman a person who holds a high place of honor in a tribe as a healer and spiritual leader
Staff of Asclepius wingless walking staff with one snake wrapped around it: the symbol of medicine
Trephining A practice of making an opening in the head to allow disease (thought to be caused by evil spirits) to leave the body
Created by: must learn



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