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Business Mgmt Q4/Q3

Review for Cumulative Final

QuestionAnswer
computer programs designed for specific uses and relatively easy to use without any technical knowledge of programming application software
the part of the CPU where numerical calculations and logical operations are performed arithmetic/logic unit
a commonly used code for representing data American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)
a program used to translate commands into its own machine language assembler
the symbolic names given to commands and assigned to appropriate memory locations assembly language
a duplicate of an original program or data as a precaution against loss or damage of the original backup
the smallest amount of information a computer can store bit
the space a character, letter, or number takes up in the computer byte
a character is made up of a group of __ bytes 8
the unit of a computer system that contains the circuits which control the functions and perform the execution of instructions central processing unit (CPU)
the three parts of a CPU memory (primary storage), arithmetic/logic unit, and control unit
a device from which stored data can be read by a laser beam CD-ROM
a device that manipulates data according to a series of instructions stored in its memory computer
an electronic device that can accept data, perform instructions on the data, and deliver the results of the processed data computer
an organization of hardware and software designed to accomplish a data processing function computer system
a portion of the CPU that directs the sequence of operations, interprets coded instructions, and initiates the proper commands to execute instructions control unit
the information that the computer manipulates data
an organized collection of related data database
the process of entering data into a computer system data input
any procedure for receiving information and producing a specific result data processing
the rearrangement and refinement of raw data into a form suitable for further use data processing
a thin dick of magnetic material capable of storing a large amount of information disk
the words, symbols, or numbers which appear in visual form display
a device containing a sealed, rigid magnetic disk and read/write mechanism, usually built directly into the computer's cabinet fixed/hard disk
a flexible, plastic disk on which data is stored magnetically floppy disk/diskette
to prepare a new disk for use by the computer or an old disk for re-use format
_____ erases all previous information on a disk formatting
Some new disks must be ____ before they may be used formatted
pictures, charts, diagrams, etc graphics
the physical equipment or device which makes up a computer system, including its input and output devices hardware
1000 megabytes gigabyte
a device that prints one or more characters at a time by physically hitting the ribbon to the paper impact printer
the information that is entered into a computer from an outside source input
data entered into a computer system for processing input
a set of several different applications that have been programmed together, permitting data from one application program to be transferred directly to another integrated software
a mechanical unit designed to bring data to be processed into a computer input device
a set of labeled keys to permit the entry of data into the computer system keyboard
1,024 bytes kilobyte
instructions consisting of a series of numbers or coded pattern of digits which convey information between people and machines language
a program written in the basic, simple instructions that the computer understands directly machine language
a central computer, usually applies to medium and/or large-scale computer systems mainframe
1,048,576 bytes megabyte
an area for storage of data inside the computer memory
contains the porgrams and data being used by the computer memory
the primary storage or most accessible storage of the computer memory
a small computer designed to sit on a desk microcomputer/personal computer
a device that converts the electrical impulses produced by the computer into sound impulses and vice-versa that can be transmitted over telephone lines modem
a device for displaying video images monitor
a device for interacting with a monitor mouse
a group of two or more computers linked together electronically that can communicate with each other network
a printing device which places marks on paper without any mechanical device coming in contact with the paper non-impact printer
a program that helps to overcome the problems involved in running a computer operating system
a program that makes sure the proper programs are in the right place in memory at the right time, handles I/O operations, and allows the computer to work for long periods with the direct intervention of the operator operating system
the act of transferring data from a primary/internal storage device to a secondary/external storage device output
the memory that is built into a computer primary/internal storage
a device that makes computer output visible on paper printer
handling or manipulating data processing
a set of instructions arranged in proper sequence that can direct the computer to perform a desired task program
the task of writing a series of instructions that will cause the computer to do something useful programming
the working memory of the computer random access memory (RAM)
the usable memory which data or programs may be written to or read from random access memory (RAM)
memory which has been manufactured with predetermined information or programs, usually used to store the control program of the computer read-only memory
data storage that is outside the main memory of the computer, such as disks or tape units secondary/external storage
a computer's programs software
a program for manipulating numbers in tabular form spreadsheet
to transmit the data from the computer to a memory device store
a device into which data can be entered and from which data can be retrieved at a later time storage device
designed to be markedly larger and/or faster than ordinary mainframe computers supercomputer
an organization of hardware and software designed to accomplish a data processing function system/computer system
1000 gigabytes tetrabyte
software designed and marketed to a particular industry or profession, such as funeral service vertical market software
the use of computerized equipment to create, store, recall, correct, and produce written documents word processing
the difference between the cost of merchandise and the selling price mark-up (margin, gross casket margin)
the more the consumer spends, the more value they receive value progression
tells the consumer the value they are receiving for each dollar spent in terms of a percentage consumer value index (CVI)
wholesale cost divided by retail price CVI
the relationship between the wholesale cost of the merchandise and the total cost of the funeral to the consumer merchandise value ratio
wholesale cost divided by total merchandise and services merchandise value ratio
the mark-up on each casket is the same, regardless of the wholesale cost fixed dollar amount method
pricing method in which the funeral home achieves the same profit on each casket sale fixed dollar amount method
pricing method which multiplies the casket cost by a constant factor fixed multiple method (cost plus mark-up method/straight line method/times factor method)
pricing method in which the CVI does not increase for the higher priced caskets but the profit margin for the funeral home increases fixed multiple method
pricing method in which the consumer receives more value on higher end caskets and the profit margin for the funeral home is the same on each casket fixed dollar amount method
pricing method in which the lower the wholesale cost of the casket, the lower the mark-up will be while the higher end caskets will receive a higher mark-up increasing graduated recovery method
pricing method in which the CVI decreases as casket prices increase increasing graduated recovery method
pricing method in which higher end caskets receive lower mark-ups than lower end caskets decreasing graduated recovery method (declining price structure)
pricing method in which the consumer receives more value for their dollar when they spend more decreasing graduated recovery method
Created by: leahmurphy
 

 



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