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Lower Limb I

Toes, Foot, Ankle

QuestionAnswer
The foot consists of how many bones? 26
The bones of the ankles are called the? tarsals
The base of 5th metatarsal contains a prominent? tuberosity
The cuboid bone lies on which side (medial or lateral) of the foot? lateral
The medial aspect of the calcaneus extends outward as a shelf-like overhang called? sustentaculum tali
The second largest tarsal bones is the? talus
The sesamoid bones are located? beneath the head of the 1st metatarsal
The 5 bones of the instep of the foot are called? the metatarsals
A fracture of the base of the 5th metatarsal is commonly known as? A Jones fracture
In an AP axial projection of the toes, the central ray is angled how many degrees? 15
In the AP oblique projection of the toes, the foot is rotated how many degrees? 30-45
The central ray for an AP oblique projection of the toe is? Perpendicular and entering the 3rd MTP joint
For the lateral projection of the 1st and 2nd toes, the patient is placed on which side? on the unaffected side
What should be done to prevent superimposition of the toes in the lateral projection? Use tape or gauze to flex the toes not being examined
A 10 degree central ray angle of the AP foot is used to demonstrate? open TMT joint spaces
The AP oblique projection of the foot is angled how many degrees? 30
The AP oblique projection, with medial rotation of the foot shows the bases of which metatarsals superimposed? the 1st and the 2nd
The lateral projection of the foot shows the fibula where? overlapping the posterior portion of the tibia
Where is the central ray placed in the lateral (mediolateral) projection of the foot? Perpendicular to the base of the 3rd metatarsal
The weight-bearing method is used to examine which part of the foot? The longitudinal arch
How can you tell if the calcaneus is rotated? the 1st-5th metatarsals will be projected to the side of the foot
In the axial projection (plantodorsal) of the calcaneus, the central ray is angled how many degrees? 40 degrees cephalic
In the lateral projection (mediolateral) of the calcaneus, the central ray enters where? perpendicular to the calcaneus about 1in distal to the medial malleolus
In the AP projection of the ankle, where does the central ray enter? perpendicular through the ankle joint, midway between the malleoli
In the lateral projection (mediolateral) of the ankle, where does the central ray enter? perpendicular to the ankle joint, entering the medial malleolus
The lateral projection (mediolateral) of the ankle shows the base of the 5th metatarsal to check for which fracture? Jones
The lateral projection (lateromedial) of the ankle, where does the central ray enter? Perpendicular through the ankle joint entering 1/2 in superior to the lateral malleolus
In the AP oblique projection of the ankle with medial rotation requires that the leg and foot be rotated how many degrees? 45
The AP oblique Mortise Joint view of the ankle requires that the leg and foot be rotated how many degrees? 15-20
The AP Projection of the ankle Stress Method is used in studies to verity what? ligament tears
Created by: mtuhacek