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Chemical Texturizing

Ch. 18 Chemical Texture Services

acid-balanced waves perms with a 7.8-8.2 pH range that process at room temperature; do not required hair dryer heat
alkaline/cold waves perms that process at room temperature without heat with a pH ranges between 9.0-9.6
ammonium thioglycolate (ATG) main active ingredient/reducing agent in alkaline waves
base control the position of the perm rod in relation to its base section
base cream protective cream used on the scalp during hair relaxing
base direction angle at which the perm rod is positioned on the head; also the direction in which the hair is wrapped
base relaxers relaxers that require the used of a base/protective cream
base sections subsections of panels into which the hair is divided for rodding
basic perm wrap rodding pattern in which all the tools within the panel are directed in the same direction
bookend wrap perm wrap in which an end paper is folded in half over the hair ends
chemical blow-out combination of a relaxer and hairstyling used to create a variety of Afro styles
chemical hair relaxing the process of rearranging the basic structure of extremely curly hair into a straightened form
chemical texture services hair services that cause a chemical change that permanently alters the natural wave pattern of the hair
crouignole rodding rodding from the hair ends to scalp
end wraps end paper; absorbent paper used to protect and control the ends of the hair during perming services
endothermic waves perm activated by an outside heat source, usually a hooded dryer
exothermic waves perms that create an exothermic chemical reaction that heats the solution and speeds up processing
glyceryl monothioglycolate (GMTG) main active ingredient in true acid and acid-balanced waves
hydroxide relaxers relaxer with a very high pH, sometimes over 13
Ianthionization process by which hydroxide relaxers permanently straighten hair
lotion wrap permanent waving wrapping technique in which the waving solution is applied to the section before rodding
neutralization process of stopping the action of a permanent wave solution and hardening the hair in its new form by the application of a chemical called a neutralizer
no-base relaxer relaxers that do not require application of a protective base
permanent waving a process used to chemically restructure natural hair into a different wave pattern
pre-wrap solution usually a type of leave in conditioner that may be applied to the hair prior to permanent waving to equalize porosity
reformation curl a soft-curl permanent; combination of a thio relaxer and a thio permanent, whereby the hair is wrapped on perm rods, used to make the existing curl larger and looser
texturize a process used to semi-straighten extremely curly hair into a more manageable texture and wave pattern
thio relaxers relaxers that usually have a pH of 10 and a higher concentration of ammonium thioglycolate than is used in permanent waving
true acid waves perms that have a pH between 4.5-7.0 and require heat to speed processing; process more slowly than alkaline waves and do not usually produce a firm curl
Created by: BSPittsburgh