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Pharyngeal Airways

Airway Care

Pharyngeal Airways Types: Oropharyngeal and Nasopharyngeal
Pharyngeal Airways Indications Used To Protect the Airway
Oropharyngeal * Unconscious Patient * Support Base Of Tongue * Bite Block (With ET tube or seizure) * Facilitate oral suctioning
Nasopharyngeal * Conscious patient * Support base of tongue * Facilitate deep tracheal suctioning * Use to decrease trauma during nasotracheal suctioning
Complications of Pharyngeal Airways * This airway should be left unsecured * Gagging- remove airway suction give oxygen * Vomiting * Laryngospasm * Airway obstruction- remove, replace may be too small
Complications of Nasopharyngeal Airways * Trauma to mucosal (most common) - use a water-soluble water based lubricant. * Epistaxis (nasal bleeding) - change every 24 hrs * Increased airway resistance- use largest size
Equipment Oropharyngeal Airways Size Determination length should be equal to distance from angle of jaw to the tip of chin to past corner of the mouth.
Equipment Nasopharyngeal Airways Size Determination Outside diameter of airway should be equal to inside diameter of patient external nares. Length of airway is from tip of earlobe to center of nostrils.
Airway Insertion Technique Oral insert opposite its anatomic shape(upside down) to the back of the throat and then rotate into its correct position
Airway Insertion Technique Nasal inserted the way its anatomically shaped with water soluble lubricant
Created by: sukarieh