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Appendix C

Pharmacology Glossary

TermDefinition
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the blood-stream.
Brand-name drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer.
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and the gum and absorbed through the cheek into the blood-stream.
Centralized Dispensing Automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or assocition grants recognition to an induvidual who has met predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.
Chain Pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products.
Community Pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medivcation services to ambulatory patients.
Controlled Substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possesion and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations.
Decentralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often provided by a central pharmacy.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug Distribution Services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is recieved by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part od the U.S. Department of Justice.
Expectorate To cough up or spit.
Generic Drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patient's private health information.
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist though the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin.
Intramuscular Injected durectly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the blood-stream.
Intraperitoneal Administered into the peritoneal space (Abdominal Cavity).
Intrapleural Administered into the pleural space, which is the sac that surrounds the lungs.
Intrathecal Injecte into the space around the spinal cord.
Intravenous Injected directly into the vein and thereofre immediately able to react in the body.
Legend Drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "Rx only."
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an induvidual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has obtained a degree of competency necessary to keep the community safe.
Lozenge A hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication is a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-Order Pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked-up by) patients.
Medication Order A written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-The-Counter (OTC) Drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription.
Parenteral A route of medicaton administered that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Patient Counseling The act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Pharmacist A health care proffessional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
Pharmacy Satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of Pharmacy The practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through it's pharmacy laws and regulations.
Prescription The written or verbal authorizatoin, by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a paricular pharmacuetical agent for an induvidual patient. This term also refers to the physical product dispensed.
Primary Prescription Label A label, affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required information.
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Profesionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behavoirs of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession: "putting the needs of others before your own."
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word statim, meaning immediately; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Subgingival Administered via the subgingival spave, which is the space between the tooth and the gum.
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it disolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Technician An induvidual who is skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous
Created by: Brittneypirahna
 

 



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