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Chest

Pathology

TermDefinition
Aspiration most common in children when foreign objects are swallowed or aspirated into air passage of the bronchial tree. decrease exposure factor
Atelectasis collapse of all or portion of the lung, cause the trachea and heart to shift to the affected side. increase exposure factor
Bronchiectasis irreversible dilation of bronchioles, repeated pulmonary infection of obstruction. radiodense lower lung, no change in exposure factor
Bonchitits acute short-term or chronic condition in which excessive mucus is secreted into the bronchi, no change in exposure
COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) most common emphysema, persistent obstruction of the airway that causes difficult in emptying the lung of air.
Cystic fiborsis most common of inherited disease, heavy mucus clogging of bronchi and bronchioles. hyperinflation. increase with severe condition
Dyspnea shortness of breath
Emphysema irreversible or chronic which air spaces in the alveoli become greatly enlarged, lose elasticity. In severe case, barrel chest with depressed and flattened diaphragm. increased lung dimensions. lung fields appear very radiolucent, decrease exposure factor
Epiglottitis most common in children ages 2-5, bacterial infection that results from blockage of the airway from swelling. decrease in exposure factor
Neoplasm growth or tumor
hamartoma most common benign pulmonary mass
Pleural effusion abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity increase in exposure factor
Empyema accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity. lateral decubitus with affected side down. increase in exposure factor
hemothorax accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity. lateral decubitus with affected side down. increase in exposure factor
Pleurisy inflammation of the pleura. no change in exposure factor
Pneumonia inflammation of the lungs that results in the accumulation of fluid. no change in exposure factor
Pneumothorax an accumulation of air in the pleural space that causes partial or complete collapse of lung results in SOB or CP. No lung markings in the affected lung, Lateral decubitus with affected side UP. No change in exposure factor
Pulmonary edema excess fluid within the lung caused by backup in pulmonary circulation, common associated with CHF congestive heart failure. increase exposure factor in severe case.
RDS Respiratory distress syndrome commonly called hyaline membrane disease (HMD) in infants and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) alveoli and capillaires of the lung are injured or infected. increased exposure factor
TB or tuberculosis contagious disease that is caused by airborne bacteria. no change in exposure factor unless it's secondary, then increase exposure factor
Asbestosis caused by inhalation of asbestos dust that results in pulmonary fibrosis. no change in exposure factor
Silicosis permanent condition of the lungs that is caused by inhalation of silica dust, sand dust. No change in exposure factor
Created by: Momomuff