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clinical 1

pharmacology final review

medicine that prevents or lessens the severity of a disease prophylactic
must be a written prescription only done by a practitioner schedule II drugs
drugs official chemical name generic
name of a drug that is patented by a manufacturer trade
any substance that produces a change in the function of a living organism drug
the study of drugs pharmacology
medications from a plant digitalis and opium
medications from animals insulin and thyroid(synthroid)
medications from minerals silver nitrate and sulfur, lithium
a substance used in treatment to relieve symptoms therapeutic
a medicinal product used in addition with other procedures to detect abnormalities diagnostic
analgesic Tylenol; vicodin
anesthetic lidocaine; novacaine
antianxiety xanax
antibiotic Zithromax; levoquin; amoxicillin
anticoagulant coumadin
antidepressant paxil; wellbutrin
antihistamine zyrtec; benedryl
anti inflammatory motrin
antimaniac lithium
antipsychotic seroquel
diuretic lasix
muscle relaxant flexeril
antiviral zovirax
corticosteroid prednisone
solid oral medication tablets, capsule, caplet, gel caps
cholesterol lowering agent Lipitor
drugs with high potential for abuse; accepted medical use; morpine schedule 2
less potential for abuse; hydrocodone schedule 3
highest potential for abuse; not approved for medical use; heroine schedule 1
a secondary effect of a medication in addition to the therapeutic effect side effect; adverse reaction
low potential for abuse; xanax schedule 4
DEA drug enforcement agency
seven rights of drug adminitstration RIGHT: patient;drug;dose;route;time; technique;documentation
medicnes that pass through the organs of digestion enteral
a drug reaction that results in the formation of antibodies against that specific drug drug allergy
may be called into the pharmacy and refilled up to five times in six months schedule 3-5
the primary system of measurement used in pharmacology metric system
this unit measures length meter
this unit measures mass(weight) gram
this unit measures volume liter
intradermal injections are given at what angle 15 degrees
example of an intradermal injection PPD and allergy testing
formula for drug calculations want/have X amount
tip of syringe that is threaded leur lock
routes of parenteral administration injection; intravenous; transmucosal; transdermal; topical; inhalation
routes of enteral admistration oral; rectal;nasogastric
preferred injection site for young children vastis lateralis
when withdrawing medication from a vial you should check the label three times
site for Intradermal injections inner forearm and upper back
site for IM injections deltoid; vastis lateralis; ventrogluteal;dorsalgluteal
site for subcutaneous injections outer upper arm; lower abdomen
how long should a patient wait following an injection for a possible reaction 20-30 minutes
what do you do when administering an injection to ensure that you are not in a blood vessel aspirate
example of a schedule 2 drug morphine and dilaudid
acetaminophen and ibuprofen are examples of what drug name generic
Motrin and Tylenol are examples of what drug name trade
GI upset is an example of side effect/adverse effect
just before injecting a patient with a medication you should change the needle and check the patients allergy status
MA are qualified to give what type of injections? IM; ID; SC
MAs are not allowed to insert IVs
one teaspoon is equal to 5ml or 5cc
drug that is absorbed into the bloodstream systemic
drug that has an affect at the site of injection local
drug that is administered in one site and has an affect in another area remote
smaller IV bags are called piggyback
ac before meals
bid twice a day
npo nothing by mouth
pc after meals
po by mouth
pc after meals
STAT immediately
Rx prescription
Sig directions
qhs every hour of sleep; bedtime
gtt drop
IM intramuscular
SC subcutaneous
ID intradermal
IV intravenous
kg kilogram
mg miliigram
mcg microgram
g gram
needle length and gauge for IM injections 1-3 inches; 20g-23g
maximum amount injected in the deltoid 1ml
maximum amount injected into the vastus lateralis; ventrogluteal;dorsogluteal 3 ml
maximum amount injected via SC injection 1ml
maximum amount injected via ID injection 0.1ml
1 kg is equal to 2.2 lbs
rapid insulin takes affect 15-60 min
intermediate insulin takes affect 30-90 mins
long acting insulin takes affect 4-24 hours
needle length and gauge for SC injections 1/2"-5/8"; 23g-25g
100 units is equal to 1 ml
examples of medications given by SC injection heparin; lovenox; allergy shots; insulin
examples of medications given by IM injection antibiotics; vaccines; narcotics; hormones; steroids
most accurate way to determine medication dose for children up to age 12 BSA
most common method used to determine pediatric medication doses mg/kg (mg X kg)
examples of generic drug names ibuprofen; acetaminophen; diphenhydramine
examples of trade drug names Motrin; Tylenol; Benadryl
parenteral routes of administration IV; IM; SC; ID; transdermal; transmucosal; inhalation
maximum amount at which a drug will provide its greatest effect drug ceiling
majority of drugs are eliminated through the kidneys
antianginal nitroglycerin
miotic gtts contracts pupils
mydriatic gtts dilates pupils
Created by: clarevoyant1019



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