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Chapter Two

Intro Comm - Chapter 2

TermDefinition
culture the totality of learned, shared symbols, language, values, and norms that distinguish one group of people from another
societies groups of people who share common symbols, language, values, and norms
in-groups groups of people with which a person identifies
out-groups groups of people with which a person does not identify
ethnicity people's perceptions of ancestry or heritage
nationality one's status as citizen of a particular country
enculturation the process of acquiring a culture
co-cultures groups of people who share values, customs, and norms related to mutual interests or characteristics besides their national citizenship
individualistic culture a culture in which people believe that their primary responsibility is to themselves
collectivistic culture a culture in which people believe that their primary responsibility is to their families, their communities, and their employers
low-context culture a culture in which people are expected to be direct and to say what they mean
high-context culture a culture in which people are taught to speak in an indirect, in-explicit way
low-power-distance culture a culture in which people believe that no one person or group should have excessive power
high-power-distance-culture a culture in which certain groups, such as the royal family or the members of the ruling political party, have much greater power than the average citizen
masculine culture a culture in which people cherish traditionally masculine value and prefer sex-specific roles for women and men
feminine culture a culture in which people cherish traditionally feminine qualities and prefer little differentiation in the roles of women and men
monochronic culture a culture that views time as a finite and tangible commodity
polychronic culture a culture that views time as holistic, fluid, and infinite
uncertainty avoidance the extent to which people try to avoid situations that are unstructured, unclear, or unpredictable
mindful aware - as in being aware of how other cultures' behaviors and ways of thinking are likely to differ from one's own
ethnocentrism the tendency to judge other cultures' practices as inferior to one's own
communication codes verbal and nonverbal behaviors whose meanings are often understood only by people from the same culture
adapt to change one's behavior to accommodate what others are doing
Created by: moogoogaiboo